The History of Republic Airport

1. Farmingdale's Aviation Origins:

Located in Farmingdale, Long Island, Republic Airport is a historically significant airport to the region and the world that played both military and civilian roles.

"The Industrial Revolution and Production of Aircraft came to Farmingdale during the First World War, when Lawrence Sperry and Sydney Breese founded their pioneering factories in the community." wrote Ken Neubeck and Leroy E. Douglas in his book Airplane Manufacturing in Farmingdale (Arcadia Publishing, 2016, p. 9). "They were attracted by the presence of two Long Island Railroad branches … a nearby road 24 that brought car and truck traffic to Manhattan and Fifty-Ninth Street Bridge, flying fields and proximity to qualified workers …"

The first air roots in this the area was planted as early as 1917. Lawrence Sperry Airplane Company, founded this year with a capital of $ 50,000, Richard Street in the village of Farmingdale, produced the first plane in the form of Messenger

Designed by Alfred Verville of the US Army Engineering Division at McCook Field, a 17.9-foot-long miniature biplane designed for a "motorcycle" mission, going out in small remote places to leave and picking up messages from field masters, thereby gaining its name. Agricultural roots of Farmingdale were equally cultivated by Sydney Breese, whose Breese Aircraft, based on the eastern motorway, was designed by Penguin. Like the Bleriot XI aircraft, a mid wing aircraft powered by a 28-horsepower Lawrence engine, it was a non-flying pre-flight trainer whose purpose was to help the US military pilot's transition from primary to operational. Deployed in the open Texas prairie, it caused too short wings to create a lift, but it allowed beginner pilots to get the feeling of aerodynamic forces before going to their horizontal tail. Of the 301 produced, only five were used for this purpose; the rest was stored.

2. Fairchild Aviation Corporation:

When Lawrence Sperry and Sydney Breese established the Farmingdale Air Force Foundation, Sherman M. Fairchild consolidated it.

He was originally interested in aerial photography, founded the Fairchild Aerial Camera Corporation in 1920, and later expanded the company into Fairchild Aircraft Surveys to engage in mapping when he received a contract for the next 20 years.

In order to replace so many machines he operated, Fairchild designed the required specifications for one, but could not find a manufacturer who could build it at a reasonable price. He was forced to do so himself, founded his third airline, Fairchild Aviation Corporation, and moved to the Sperry Factory in South Farmingdale, released as a result of the tragic death of the founder Sperry in December 1923.

Highland, one of the first prototype flights in 1926 a closed and heated cockpit protection cab and its camera equipment, but its original OX-5 engine proved to be inadequate.

Production version FC-2, supported by wheels, floats or skis, has increased cabin volume. Powered by the 200-horsepower Wright J-5 system, the airplane designed for commercial operations was equipped with an overall length of 44 inches. The only pilot and four passengers, or up to 820 pounds of cargo, had a total weight of 3,400 pounds and reached a maximum speed of 122 mph and operated 700 miles of segments.

Demand at the South Farmingdale factory soon loaded capacity. After the country focused on the area, Fairchild itself chose 77,797 acres on the southern side of Highway 24 and Conklin Street in East Farmingdale, a place where the predominant South Shore winds and terrestrial access to more land through the railroad and main corridor Route 110, which would facilitate the transport of people and raw materials to a new field.

"The 77,967 hectare Fairchild Flying Field was developed at the end of the winter and early spring 1928 and was originally owned and operated by Fairchild Engine and Airplane Manufacturing Company," according to the Long Island-Republic Airport. "The first flights from (it) took place in the late spring of 1928 after Fairchild's aircraft and Fairchild Engine were completed, and Fairchild's aircraft were built on 41, 41A, 42, 21, 100, and 150 planes …" 19659002] The wings, like the Hempstead Plains in the west, again grew from the Long Island Fields, built, powered and supported by Fairchild's Fairchild Engine Factory and Fairchild Flying Field by Faircam Realty, Inc., bought land and its initial layout was established November 3, 1927.

Although Fairchild produced several models in his new Long Island Air Center, his roots would quickly turn out to be invariable. She moved her headquarters to Hagerstown, Maryland, in 1931, just three years later, released her facility that was almost instantly occupied by the US corporation, or AVCO, whose aircraft and engine division produced the Pilgrim 100 for American Airways. But the depression, which has thwarted the economy, has greatly reduced demand for it because the acquisition of aircraft was high on the list of lowering the company's costs, and its presence proved to be shorter than Fairchild's. By mid-1932, it had disappeared.

3. Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation

Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation was originally located in the Valley Stream Valley where it designed the vessels and moved further east to Fairchild Flying Field and joined the former Fulton Truck Factory, the production fighter FF-1. Driven by one 750-horsepower Wright engine, the biplane with retractable chassis was also offered as a scout like the SF-1

The most significant aircraft that emerged from the East Farmingdale production line was the duck. He tracked his origins at the Loening Aeronautical Engineering Corporation XO2L-1, was submitted to the US Navy in 1931, but because Loening himself lacked the necessary equipment for his construction, he turned to Leroy Grumman, his former colleague, submitting it in a modified form. Adopted on April 25, 1933, a biplane called XJF-1 was powered by a 700-horsepower Twin-Wasp engine that controlled the Hamilton Standard three-liter propeller. His backrest, which consisted of one set of struts, which was outside the fuselage and the other of the wire between the two wings, was minimal for its day. The water operations were supported by a center line below the hull surface into which the chassis was extended.

In total, 632 JF and J2F Ducks were pressed into the global service with more functions

Although Grumman's agricultural presence exceeded everything else, it ended in half a decade, in 1937 when it moved to the larger headquarters in Bethpage, Long Island

4. Seversky Aircraft Corporation

The Nordic Aviation Corporation moved to the center of Farmingdale when it moved from College Point in Queens, occupying a former US factory

Honorary ACA World War I, Alexander P. de Seversky, like Igor Sikorsky, he moved to the US from Russia, and in 1923 he developed the first gyroscopically stabilized bomb in Sperry Gyroscope before setting up his own Seversky Aero Corporation, which focused on aircraft tools and components


Its first major construction, SEV-3, was both aerodynamically elegant and progressive, reflecting the Nordic Aviation-intuitive nature. Driven by a 420-horsepowered Wright J-6 Whirlwind engine, a full-metal low-cost plane equipped with a pilot and two passengers in sliding cabs with a tandem booth was either supported by a wheeled chassis or craft, and in 1933 introduced a world speed record for piston amphibians. Two years later, September 15, it reached a speed of 230 mph

The creation of many subsequent versions, which externally showed only minor variations over the basic design, developed into another major iteration, the BT-8. As the first all-metal, enclosed cockpit design operated by the US Army Air Corps, it was 24.4 feet long and the wings span 36 feet. Driven by Pratt and Whitney R-985-11 with a power of 400 hp, a four-cylinder airplane with a capacity of £ 4,050 has a maximum speed of 175 mph. Thirty was built.

Originally occupied by Hangar 2 on a new road and now used by the US Air Force, Seversky Aircraft Corporation took over the Grumman factory in 1937, when it moved to Bethpage to maintain two facilities. But due to the short history of East Farmingdale's renters, it was a sudden end: though, like many other aerospace "geniuses", Nordic had the necessary engineering skills to create progressive aircraft, lacked the managerial flip-side of the equation needed to design the right and profitable business a plan to market them, resulting in a loss of $ 550,000 by April 1939. During six months of European sales operations on October 13, he was expelled from his own board of directors who voted to remove him from the company he founded.

Reorganized, was rebranded by "Republic Aviation Corporation."

5. Republic Airlines:

The Justice of the Flying Field was about to change. Fueled by World War II, an emerging Republican air corporation would explode in size and its roots would be so deeply implanted in farmland that it would be decades before they were uncovered.

Instrumental in the war was the Republic of P-47 Thunderbolt.

The success of the Seversky P-35 was the result of the demands of the Army Air Corps, which included a speed of 400 mph, a 25,000-foot service cap, at least six machine guns with 50 gallons, a self-sealing fuel tank and a minimum fuel capacity of 315 gallons.

The Republic of P-47 Thunderbolt, which surpassed all other aircraft, was the largest, heaviest, one-man strategic WWII warrior who offered unrivaled speed of diving

The raging increase of the officially renamed "Republic of the Republic" resulted in the extension of an existing factory to the southern on the side of Conklin Street, as well as the construction of three other buildings, the installation of the tower control and the extension of the existing tracks, all in an effort to support P-47 production, which in Farmingdale totally amounted to 9,087 units and required a 24,000 workforce to be completed by the year 1944. Employees filtered thousands every day. The hour-long production line emptied the finished aircraft from the factory every hour, then transferred to the Air Force Women or WASP pilot units. The Republic of Aviation, one of the primary defense arteries in the country, pumped man and machinery into Farmingdale's agricultural areas, and transformed it into an arsenal of democracy within 18 months.

"By 1945, the Republic contributed more than 30 percent of the Air Force soldiers fighting the war effort against the Luftwaffe in the European sky," wrote Leroy E. Douglas in his article "Conklin Street Cut-Off," published in September 1984 in Long Island Forum (page 182). "So the Republic, the Ranger and her 23,000 plus workers – more than half of whom were women – were involved in the war."

When the World War II door was closed, and the Thunderbolt factory, the Republic was forced to diversify its assortments in terms of purpose and propulsion units, rebuilding the Douglas C-54 Skymasters into commercial DC-4 aircraft, producing 1,059 civilian amphibian aircraft Seabee and attempting to design their own passenger transport [19659002] The resulting aircraft, Republic XF-12 Rainbow – along with competing and identical-powered Hughes XF-11 both received a contract for two.

The emblem of the lovely lines of Lockheed Constellation, Rainbow, representing a total length of 93.9 feet, and the built-in design experience gained during the development of the Republican fighter aircraft, radiated the look that was basically captured by the Aviation Week magazine and Space Technology magazine, nose and cylindrical l shape of the XF-12 cigar meets the designers' dream of uncompromising design with aerodynamic considerations. "

Peace proved hostilities to the aircraft. The end of World War II overturned its (and the comparable need for the Hughes XF-11). However, due to its exploration capability with limited long distance visibility, high speed and high day and night visibility, it was ideal as a land mapping platform. In fact, on September 1, 1948, the second of the only two aircraft built photographed his transcontinental flight path from the Air Force Flight Testing Center in Muroc, California, to Mitchell Field in Garden City, Long Island, during Operation Birds Eye

He returned to its military roots, the Republic entered a purely jet era with the successor of the P-47 Thunderbolt.

A length of 37.5 feet was conceived shortly before the end of the war in 1944, with propeller airplanes.

The first flight on February 28, 1946, the 19689-pound fighter-bomber, designated the F-84 Thunderjet and capable of climbing at 4,210-fpm, established a national speed record of 611 mph, powered by the 3,750-pound J35-GE-7. Its range was 1.282 miles and its service ceiling was 40,750 feet.

The development of his successor began in 1949. Due to the lack of funding for air forces, the Republic has reduced its development costs by maintaining a 60 per cent consistency with the F-84 but introducing tangled wings. The Allison XJ35-A-25 engine, originally designated as the YF-96A, first flew 3 June next year, three months before it was renamed the F-84F Thunderstreak

– an increase in the number of allowances allowed Republic to complete the second prototype that first flew the YJ65-W-1 on February 14, 1951, followed by the first production example that came to the sky on November 22, 1952.

Production of the F-84F Thunderstreak reached 2713 aircraft

However, Ken Neubeck and Leroy E. Douglas summed up the production of aircraft in the republics as they stated in their book "Manufacture of Aircraft" in Farmingdale (pp. 7-8). "While aviation began in Farmingdale with fabrics covered with triplanes and biplane and connecting engines, after the Second World War, the Republic helped move the United States to the F-84 and F-84F to assist the US forces in Korea and NATO nations in the 1950s. "

6. Fairchild Republic Corporation

Although Fairchild left the airport he created in 1931, this absence was short-lived. Three years later, he re-appeared in a former engine factory as a newly-established Ranger Aircraft and Engine Corporation and stayed there until 1948. But history should have taken a full cycle.

The acquisition of Hiller Helicopters nine years later became Fairchild Hiller and in July 1965 he bought most of the population of the Republic, leading to the Republic Aviation Fairchild Hiller Division. Fairchild returned to the land where she planted her first seed. In 1971, she continued to buy, bought Swearingen, and manufactured and launched a 19-passenger Fairchild-Swearingen Metro. The following year, the company received the official title of "Fairchild Republic."

Designed for the A-10 Thunderbolt II and using the 733 Production Run, it was a tool for the Gulf War and the Air Force, during Operation Iraqi Freedom

7. Post-war production:

Although airport airport and its airlines were associated with mostly military military design and production, various commercial and space components

Integral to Boeing 747, were also the front edge edges, rear edges , spoilers and ailerons built by Fairchild Hiller's Republic Aviation while being forbidden to provide a similar role in the proposed, but abolished, 2707 hybrid aircraft.


Following the conclusion of a $ 13 million contract from Rockwell International in Los Angeles March 29, 1973, Fairchild Hiller designed six aluminum vertical stabilizers, stepped edges and 27 feet long, 22 feet long, in hangar 17 along with their associated rudders and speed brakes. The first, installed on the Enterprise test vehicle, allowed the British Air Force Base to start a 746-based atmospheric launch at the Edwards Air Force Base while the others were mounted on Columbia, Challenger, Discovery, Atlantis and Endeavor.

On 25 January 1980, Fairchild Republic expanded with Saab-Scania from Sweden to expand its attendance at the Swearingen Metro. It launched SF-340, which became the first fully-fledged US-European aircraft manufacturer. Fairchild Republic was entrusted with the construction and construction of its wings, engine gondolas and vertical and horizontal tail finishes in Sweden

Fairchild Swearingen gained American marketing responsibility, while the joint Swedish company Saab-Fairchild HB has set up an office in Paris to

Powered by twin turboprop engines, 34 planes were arranged in the aircraft in a four-stage configuration with a central aisle

After finishing about 100 wing sets, Fairchild terminated its contracted work on regional aircraft, withdrew from all civilian projects, and the aircraft was redesignated to Saab 340.

8. [Upravit překlad] Change Role

Passed Torch Ownership On March 31, 1969, the Republican Airport was formerly run by Metropolitan Transportation Authorities (MTA), which continued to transform it into a public use entity by acquiring 94 acres of land from the US government and purchasing another 115 private in the south and southwest.

"The Metropolitan Transportation Authority takes the title at the airport of the Republic as the first step in its transformation into General Aviation (Field)," according to the Long Island-Republic Airport Historical Society.

The launch of the modernization program has made several improvements. High-intensity luminaires were installed on a 5,166-foot 1-19 and 6,827-track 14-32, the other with a landing system (ILS). The original Fulton Truck Factory, the original 1916 airport, was destroyed, while Flightways converted a 109-acre plot of land into a new complex of hangars, office buildings, fuel tanks, and planes to the north of Route 109. The two-level building for administration, terminals and maintenance was opened in 1983, near and shortly before the operational launch of the 2.2 meter FAA control tower.

In order to promote the economic development of the surrounding countryside, the New York legislature transferred the property of the Third State Department of Transportation (DOT) on April 1, 1983, which was recommended by the nine-member republican airport committee.

Eight years later, the Grumman Corporate Hangar was repaired at $ 3.5 million and 25,000 square meters, replacing the storage space of the aircraft previously held at Bethpage Airport, which was now closed and housed by Beechcraft King Air , (19659002) In April 1993, on the eastern side of Route 110, a broken area for SUNY Farmingdale Air and Training Center was built at 20,000 square meters.

Million Air, a subsidiary of Executive Air Support, built the Executive Air Terminal and the company hangar at the southern end of the Air Terminal and a hangar, and by 2001 Air East had its operations in the new, 10,000-square-foot Hangar, which also was a 2500-square-foot shop and an office and flight school of 4,500 square feet. Another hangar and office complex in the Lambert area opened its doors in June 2005, when Talon Air was launched.

In order to secure the higher permits needed by the newest generations of company nozzles such as Gulfstream V and Bombardier Global Express, the B (bravo)

has been relocated. In fact, more than $ 18 million has been made since 2000 of capital

These improvements, for their new, general role in aviation, were probably a precursor to future events.

In 1982, Fairchild Republic received a contract to build two T-46A new-generation training nozzles; but the milestone initially represented as a currency rescue line only provided the opposite effect: although the prototype was first exported three years later, it lacked some 1200 parts, and although the other carried out a successful 24-minute first flight in July 1986, the contract was canceled on the program which ended with the disputed division, resulting in the dismissal of 500 employees.

Like many companies dependent on military survival contracts, the Fairchild Republic, without choice, ceased to exist in the following year, leaving a key factory and heritage that began six decades ago. It is ironic that the two names, which were the most important from the beginning and growth of the airport – Fairchild and Republic – were the same two who contributed to its extinction. The two main chapters of the production and test aircraft at Farmingdale were thus closed and those that were open for their general aviation.

"With the company experiencing major financial problems in 1986-1987 and the loss of support for the T-46A program in Congress, Fairchild shut down SF-340 and T-46A after building only four aircraft," he says Ken Neubeck and Leroy E. Douglas of Airplane Manufacturing in Farmingdale (page 99). "So, in the autumn of 1987, seventy years of Farmingdale aircraft production ended in employment and economic losses to the community and the metropolitan area of ​​New York."


In 1966, the year after the takeover of the Republic of Fairchild Hiller Airport to Farmingdale Corporation, it was officially designated as the General Aircraft (Civil) Facility, the first landing, the two-engine Beechcraft run by Ramey Air Service of Islip, . For the purpose of its conversion to the gate by facilitating air links at the three major airports in New York, Metropolitan Transportation Authority and Air Spur concluded a four-year contract to supply this service

Although the Republic never considered it a major trading airport, its central location a long island, proximity to the Route 110 corridor and extensive infrastructure allowed it to have limited, regular and charter services at key business and leisure destinations of neighboring states. Nevertheless, his own operational limitations were briefly stated in the Master Airport Plan 2000.

"At the Republic of the Republic" explains (Chapter 3, p. 8) that "the New York State Department of Transportation has introduced a weight limit on the aircraft of 60,000 pounds in 1984. This weight limitation restricts the operation of aircraft of actual gross weight above 60,000 pounds without the written permission of the airport operator. "

" Prognoses show that the number of jet aircraft based on the Republic of the Republic will increase ", as stated in the update Master Plan, "as well as an increase in jet engine operations," which ultimately proves annual net operating statistics: 2,792 in the fiscal year 1986, 4,056 in 1990, 4,976 in 1995 and 6,916 in 1998, and of its average number of airplanes – around 500 – this segment was also fastest growing: 10 aircraft in 1985, 15 in 1995 and 20 in 1998. This figure has more than doubled o

One of the first attempts to operate a scheduled airline was made in 1978 when Cosmopolitan Airlines, which operated ex-Finnair Convair CV-340 and two ex Swissair CV-440 Metropolitans in single, four-stage configurations, offered all- inclusive one-day charter packages to Atlantic City from its Cosmopolitan Sky Center. His flyer recommended: "Fly to Atlantic City at a net price of only $ 19.95 This is how it works: You will pay for one-way ticket to Atlantic City for $ 44.95, including land transport to and from Claridge and Casino, you will receive 20, $ 00 in food and drink credit in every restaurant except the London pavilion.You will also get a $ 5.00 credit card that's good for the next fight with Claridge at Cosmopolitan Airlines. "

The carrier also briefly attempted to offer two daily regular return flights to Boston on his CV-440 in 1980.

Facilitating this regular service growth was to build a passenger terminal

"The Terminal Building, completed in 1983, has approximately 50,000 square feet of usable floor areas and aircraft houses , maintenance, fire protection, public terminal spaces and rental areas on the first floor, and administrative offices in the second Employees are working in the building, "in line with the 2000 Masterplan Airport Update (Chapter 1, p.

By attempting to establish a link between Farmingdale and Newark International Newark International Metro Airport in New York to plan departure, PBA Provincetown Boston Airline has launched a Cessna C-402 commuter shuttle, linking Long Island with 30-minute air hops, with up to five daily round trips and coordination with PEOPLExpress Airlines. It promoted avoidance of excessive driving times, parking costs and longer clearance requirements that are otherwise related to the use of larger airports and offered the convenience of passes, tickets and baggage checks to any final destination PEOPLExpress

According to the Northern System Timetable of 20 June 1986 offered Farmingdale departures at 0700, 0950, 1200, 1445 and 1755.

The demand soon required the replacement of the C-402 for the larger, 19-digit Embraer EMB-110

All these short and unsuccessful attempts to make unjustifiable fear local people that the Republic eventually developed into a large commercial airport and caused noise in the ears, could not attract the necessary traffic to provide self-sustaining and highlight several airport-specific factors.

1). The Republic was consistently associated with general and unscheduled operations during the second part of its history

2). Long Island MacArthur has already become a major commercial property on the island, and as Precision / Northwest Airlink has demonstrated, they have not gained any revenue gain by diluting the same market, but the increased cost of airport and operating costs

different carriers and each of them has terminated the service … "" According to the Upgrading of the Airport Master Plan in 2000. "The market for occasional carriers is geographically limited taking into account larger airports such as La Guardia, Kennedy and MacArthur and the service "

" Since 1969, the Republic of the Republic has adapted to the needs of the airport region for both private and commercial aircraft as well as charter and commuting operations ", also states (Chapter 1, p. 1)." Given that the Republic located in the middle of residential, commercial and industrial development, is it roles inconsistent with the roles of a regular air carrier for commercial traffic. "

With the number of passengers constantly increasing – from 13,748 in 1985 and 30,564 in 1990 to 33,854 in 1995 – his future role of commuter she could not completely rule out.

"While past airline efforts have not been successful, there is potential for a future service that needs to be considered at airport planning", concluded (Chapter 2, p. 10)

10. Future:

In contrast to Roosevelt's and Glenn Curtiss's fields, which were subject to modern pressures and exchanged their runways for shopping malls, the 526-hectare Republic gave up only a small portion of the Airport Plaza shopping center. Instrumentální v oblasti rozvoje v raném letectví a v korejských, vietnamských, zálivových a iráckých válkách se přeměnil na obecné letecké zařízení, na vrcholu letadel založených na 546 letech a stal se třetím největším letištěm v New Yorku, pokud jde o pohyby po JFK International and La Guardia.

Billing itself as "the corporate airbridge for Long Island's 21st-century economy," this westernmost Long Island general aviation facility accounts for 1,370 jobs and $139.6 million of economic activity, supporting 60 on-airport businesses. The 110,974 movements recorded in 2008 encompassed 52 by non-rigid airships, 7,120 by rotary wing, 76,236 by single-engine pistons, 6,310 by twin-engine pistons, 5,028 by turboprops, and 16,228 by pure-jets. The latter, its second-highest total, emphasizes its increasing role as the "Teterboro of Long Island," perhaps pointing the way to its future. Indeed, companies considering the area for their corporate locations cite the airport as a major asset, since it provides close-proximity aerial access for personnel and materials.

Toward that end, the State of New York approved funding in April of 2009 for a Vision Planning process to collect data from residents, employees, businesses, and users, and then plot its future course. Specifically, the program had a three-fold purpose-namely, to define the airport's role, to determine how it will fill that role, and, finally, to ascertain how it will work with the community to attain the desired operational and economic goals.

"As part of the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems (NPIAS), Republic Airport is designated as a reliever airport with commercial service," according to the 2000 Republic Airport Master Plan Update (Chapter 1, p. 1). "Under ownership by the New York State Department of Transportation, there are specific state development and policy procedures which are followed."

Although it may never eclipse its current general aviation role, its importance was not to be underestimated.

""Republic Airport is an important regional asset," it stated (Chapter 1, p. 1). "It provides significant transportation and economic benefits to both Suffolk and Nassau counties. The policy of the New York State Department of Transportation and the Republic Airport Commission shall be that Republic Airport continue to better serve Long Island."

Whatever the future holds for it, it has a nine-decade foundation upon which to base it, as acknowledged by the plaque hung in the passenger terminal by the Long Island-Republic Airport Historical Society, "honor(ing) the tens of thousands of men and women who labored here in East Farmingdale, contributing significantly to aviation technology and aircraft production." Those men and woman turned the wheels of the 11 aviation companies based there.


Long Island Republic Airport Historical Society website.

Neubeck, Ken, and Douglas, Leroy E. Airplane Manufacturing in Farmingdale. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing, 2016.

2000 Republic Airport Master Plan Update, New York State Department of Transportation.

Simulation Plane Games – One of the Best Ways to Feel the Freedom of Flight

I should admit that my favorite interest is to play computer games – they make me be free and capable of everything or almost everything. Simulation planes are a good example of what is unlikely to be tested for real – it requires a lot of effort, training, physical ability and happiness to become one of the few who have the opportunity to sit in the cockpit of the airplane as pilots. But with computer flight simulators, there is a great feeling of flying like a bird accessible to everyone with computer literacy.

There are a few games in the field of flight simulation that are approaching perfection in their recovery of reality. We have different simulation planes for different games. For example, "ProFlightSimulator" and "Microsoft Flight Simulator" are trying to restore realistic flying, while "X-Plane" is trying to tear down the boundaries of reality and offer futuristic flying. The story differs from simulators such as "IL-2 Sturmovik" and "Lock On: Modern Air Combat" because they add more than a lot of combat actions.

If you're going to fight the simulations (I'm not really a fan personally), you can try "IL-2 Sturmovik" and "Lock On: Modern Air Combat" as they offer the best in World War II style or modern combat flying. In these games you can control fighters and other combat aircraft and events to carry out a simulation aircraft of a combat team that could be fun for a while. You will also gain access to many classic combat aircraft and see them in action, which is a completely different feeling than just flying.

You can get closer to real flying everyday if you test "Microsoft Flight Simulator" or "X-Plane", which are real simulation aircraft full of many aircraft, helicopters, and other flying things. "X-Plane" has a slightly looser approach to realistic flying, but full player freedom allows flying all kinds of existing and non-existing flying machines, while Microsoft Flight Simulator has a more conservative approach but a slightly more limited choice of available aircraft. Both simulators are definitely good for a while or for a change, but I do not see them "flying" constantly.

You may have already noticed that I was a bit picky with my simulation planes and I always found something that could spoil the game. This is only partially true, as I will not be looking for "ProFlightSimulator" yet. It is a game with such a big reality installed that I sometimes imagine myself as a part-time pilot with an impressive amount of flight hours behind my back. "ProFlightSimulator" really gives you access to everything available for a real pilot – more than 120 real-world aircraft, 20,000 real-world airports and even weather conditions. This game is really addictive, just try and see it.

Traveling with Your Cat

Whether it's a car, a train, an airplane or a boat, it's not always easy to travel with a cat. It is always necessary to arrange some things in advance – tickets, adequate breeding station, soothing and water – to ensure maximum comfort and avoid any irregular disappearance during many hours of traveling …

The cat shows the week ends in a family cottage, or a great vacation … For a civilized conversation, occasions to travel rarely omit. A dignified master who describes being called, will always plan to have his animal experience transport under the best conditions. Some animals get acquainted with transportation from one place to another at a young age, and they take the situation perfectly, but others are struggling with this.

If the owner of a cat intends to stay in a hotel, he must not forget to check if his pet is accepted (only 1 hotel out of 6 accepts clients with his pets). In all cases, always remember this: always attach the identification plate to the cat's sleeve. An angry and angry animal always escapes quickly!

By car

Even for a short trip it is always preferred to use a kennel or cage. However, the cat is calm and reliable, you can always keep an exception: the can will always be able to sit on the knees of the passengers, but the kennel must always be within reach.

If used, the kennel must be positioned so that sudden break, stop or trigger does not cause a fall. Above all, never place a cat in a suitcase, nor should it be left in the vehicle without sufficient air circulation or excessive sunlight, which could endanger its exhaustion. If the journey lasts for several hours, give him water and let him come back from time to time when nature calls. It is better to let him feed too much before leaving, which could cause illnesses from the car. Some cats are subject to this, so it is always prudent to consult with your vet, who prescribes a drug that is predominantly harmful and does not cause drowsiness. If your cat is really irritated, feels uncomfortable or annoyed but is not vomiting, your cat will need a soothing remedy.

By train or bus

Train and bus companies generally do not accept cats unless they are in kennels. Some of them, however, allow passengers to keep their cat on a leash. Fees are usually minimal, consult with companies earlier.

In the airplane

For cats weighing less than 5 kilograms (slightly more than 10 pounds), the cabin stay is allowed if they are in the breeding station. However, each airline has its own rules and may not exceed a certain number of animals permitted on an aircraft. We need to plan to get a seat on board. The cats are traveling in cats at kennels that can be booked or purchased from the airline. The load is heated and pressurized, so your cat will travel under good conditions. Still, he will suffer slowly without the presence of his master. In this case, it is better to give him reassuring remedies to calm his anxiety.

Consult with your airline for the fees included with the ticket price.


Ships are usually not well equipped for animal transport. Animals usually travel in cages. In some boats, animals in the cabin are tolerated. For a small cruise on the sea, such as a ferry, you can generally use a portable breeding station. Again, there are no rules, it is best to consult the company. It is usually an advantage to get the boat instead of the others. Your cat will be able to board the boat with his master. The disadvantage, however, is the longer voyage and sea trouble that most cats are late.

Foreign travel

Whether it's Rome, Vienna, or Athens before your cat gets to a foreign country, you need to know what vaccinations and papers the country requires.

It is good to know that Air France has a database of information that reflects the formalities that need to be met in any country. If not, you can always consult the embassy or consulate of the country concerned.

Most of the time your cat will have the latest health certificate provided by a qualified veterinarian. Some documents that prove that your cat is not rabbit may also be necessary.

Business Traveller Flying to London? A London City Guide for Getting to the Centre

London. The lively, white heart of the United Kingdom. It is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world, as well as for business travelers. The amount of business that goes through London is stunning, with the financial center being second only to New York and the service sector that caters to both British, European and international markets. As the most multicultural city in the world – more than 300 languages ​​speak to more than eight million people (twelve million if you belong to the metropolitan area) – the opportunities for doing business are clear.

The United Kingdom is strategically located for business travelers on the western outskirts of Europe, London is a global air traffic center that provides easy access to mainland Europe and a bridge to the United States. It is mostly served by five airports – Heathrow, Gatwick, City, Stansted and Luton – London is easily accessible from anywhere in the world. But with the exception of London City Airport – the smallest of five airports in East London, near the Canary Wharf business district – the other four airports are evenly scattered across the city. The most popular is Heathrow, lying west of London; Gatwick is located in the south; Stansted to the northeast; and Luton in the northwest. Knowing this before you make your travel plans can be useful. Since the larger metropolitan area of ​​London covers more than 1,000 square kilometers, your final business location may not be at the center. Investigating which airport is closest to your destination can save you time, effort and money.

However, whether you are a business traveler from Great Britain or overseas, your default destination can often determine the airport you are coming to. Other factors, such as travel time, budget and availability, will also be different. For example, if you are traveling with a major international carrier from a large city like New York, you are likely to arrive at Heathrow or Gatwick (Stansted also accepts flights from New York but is the smallest of three). If you are traveling locally from the UK with a budget carrier, you are more likely to arrive at Stansted or Luton (but not exclusively). And if you travel from a major European city, especially from financial capital such as Frankfurt, it is a likely arrival point of London City Airport (the airport was specially created for short-term business trips, especially between financial centers). [19659002] Each airport is served by a comprehensive rail and road infrastructure that provides business travelers with a number of options to enter London. All five airports offer direct train connections to central London, buses to the Victoria main terminal and car rental, minibuses, black cab licenses, and taxis on the road. If you are a VIP trader, there are also chauffeur services and, except for London City Airport, each one offers a direct transfer of helicopter to the city center.

London Heathrow Airport

The busiest airport in London, five airports is London Heathrow. Less than twenty miles from central London, Heathrow is located to the west of the city, within the metropolitan border of the M25. The fastest way to London is via the Heathrow Express train station and takes only 15 minutes from Terminal 1, 2 and 3 at Paddington Station (on the west side of central London). If your flight arrives at Terminal 4 or 5, it is another four and six minutes drive and you will have to transfer to London's main service on Terminal 1, 2 and 3.

The service is excellent, offering comfort and convenience, but not always provided travel budget for all. The standard Express travel ticket costs £ 21.00 ($ 25.00 / $ 35.00) but business travelers can get a better price when they buy a return ticket at £ 34.00 (€ 40.00 / 00 USD). "Business First" tickets are more expensive because the single costs £ 29.00 (£ 35.00 / $ 48.00) and returns £ 52.00 ($ 62.00 / $ 86.00), but allows business travelers to considerably more footpaths, privacy "layout and fold-out table.This experience is similar to experience with air travel.All passengers in both pricing structures have access to electrical outlets, USB ports and free Wi-Fi.The overall quality of service and passenger experience creates a wow factor "and if your budget is able to afford it, it is surely the smoothest, fastest and most convenient way to travel to Heathrow to London.The trains run regularly every fifteen minutes in both directions, especially useful for last-minute airport breaks

There are two other railways options for business travelers, both considerably cheaper, although this is reflected in the quality of service. it is not a good solution for a business traveler, but there is an obvious difference in comfort and convenience

With a service usually running every thirty minutes and the duration of the journey – depending on the time of day – between 23 and 27 minutes from terminals 1 , 2 and 3, Heathrow Connect is more than convenient for business travelers who are not in a hurry. Just like the Express service, Connect also arrives at Paddington Station but, unlike his faster rival, he stops to five more stations before he reaches his end. The "discomfort" of this less direct route is offset by a significantly cheaper ticket price. Each trip costs 9.90 CZK (12.00 CZK / 16.00 CZK), while the return is 19.80 CZK (24.00 EUR / 32.00 CZK). No savings can be made from the return ticket purchase. While the comfort and convenience of the passenger experience can not match Express, Connect business travel is an acceptable compromise that suits more travel expenses.

The third – and cheapest – rail option is the London Underground Network Despite the network name, most of the Heathrow route is above the ground until a business passenger near central London.From the Piccadilly line, the service connects all five Heathrow terminals and provides frequent trains to London and stops at a major offshore railway station before arriving at the center of the capital.This continuously "interrupted" journey – between Heathrow terminals 1, 2 and 3 and Paddington subway station (the closest equator of the pipe end for fair comparison) is seventeen stops – approximately five minutes, which is considerably slower than his more direct rivals.This road comparison also requires unpleasant transmission between lines

So why would a business passenger consider using a Heathrow tube in central London? Simple Frequency of service, field of goals and costs the average price of just £ 5.70 ($ 6.80 / $ 9.50) for one way in both directions during peak hours (from 6:30 to 9:30), the underground is an attractive choice. For almost half the price of Heathrow Connect and just over a quarter of Heathrow Express, this service is relatively good value for money. Another value can be found if a business passenger purchases an Oyster Card, a "non-cash" electronic ticket system that loves many Londoners. This useful choice, available for purchase in Heathrow, London, will allow you to get cheaper airfares than in cash – in this case a reduction of just $ 5.00 ($ 6.00 / $ 8.30). Off-peak travel with the Oyster Card gives even greater value, with Heathrow and Paddington in both directions costing just 3.00 CZK (3.60 EUR / 5.00 CZK) per trip. The Oyster Card can also be used for unrestricted travel on buses and trains across London, with maximum daily spending limited to a peak of £ 17.00 (£ 20.00 / £ 28.00) and only £ 8.90 ( 10.60 € / 15.00 CZK) (destinations all over London are divided into six major zone zones.)

The Underground is primarily a nationwide mass transit system, rather than a "train" service. Therefore, the level of comfort and comfort is considerably lower than the level of Heathrow Express and Connect services and can be very inconvenient at the tips. Once a recent flight has been depleted, business travelers who choose this option risk being forced to retreat all the way if they travel at peak times. If the trolley is full of a compression point (as is often the case with the tip), the handling of your luggage may be a challenge. It should also be noted that the pipe network – which is the world's first system for transit urban mass transfer over 150 years – is often prone to signal failure and delay. If the time between arriving at Heathrow Airport (do not forget to count immigration control, luggage clearance and custom) and your business meeting is tight, especially during peak hours, it is not unfair to say that you are choosing the risk if (19659002) the road to Central London is far less convenient. Just like any major city all over the world, traffic jams hurt London's streets. M4 and A4 from Heathrow to London are always busy and can sometimes move slowly. Regardless of your road transport method, business travelers are at risk of delay and accidents.

Buses and buses are rich. The dominant carrier is called National Express. They operate between Heathrow Airport and London Victoria, the main bus terminal in London. From there, travelers can travel to many other destinations across the UK. Buses run from central Heathrow Airport, which is located between terminals 1, 2 and 3. Its flag is well located. If you arrive at terminals 4 or 5, you must first arrive at the Heathrow Connect train at the central bus station. From Victoria train station you can easily reach any part of London via underground, rich buses, local trains and licensed black cabins / taxi minicab services

One-day tickets start at £ 6.00 (£ 7.20 / 10.00 USD), while revenues are CZK 11.00 (EUR 13.20 / CZK 18.00). Although you can buy a ticket at Heathrow Airport, it is recommended in advance and online. This ensures that you have guaranteed place for your trainer and also gives you the opportunity to choose the time of departure and / or return that best suits your needs. Typically, this service runs three buses per hour to and from London Victoria Bus Station. The driving time may vary depending on the route you choose, the time of day and the traffic conditions, but you can usually expect the journey to last between 40 and 90 minutes.

The National Express also offers a business passenger a Heathrow hotel transfer and an airport, known as Heathrow Hoppa. With hundreds of services that run daily every day, it's a clean, convenient and affordable way to get it for 4.00 € (4.80 € / 6,60 €) per trip and 7.00 € (8 , $ 40 / $ 11.50) for a return trip. This service is especially useful if your business meeting is located near Heathrow and you do not have to travel to Central London.

An alternative to a bus bus is an alternative. This can be especially helpful if you arrive late at night on Heathrow. Depending on the day of the week, the N9 night bus runs approximately every 20 minutes on Trafalgar Square in central London from 11:30 to 5:00. The driving time is approximately 75 minutes and is delayed. This is a very affordable service and as part of the Transport for London infrastructure, a single way with Oyster Card can be paid (GBP 1.70 / EUR 2.30) or in cash (GBP 2.40 / CZK 2.90 / CZK 4.00 ). [19659002] If your journey to London requires freedom of choice to travel whenever you want, wherever you want, or just want privacy, then private rental of transport is easily available on Heathrow. If you only want to get from A to B and back without any further paths between you, while a licensed black cab or taxi minikab can suit your needs. Traveling in the licensed black cab icon to central London will take approximately 45-60 minutes, depending on traffic delays, and typically costs between £ 50.00 (€ 60.00 / $ 83.00) and £ 80.00 (€ 96.00 / $ 132.00). , that the delays in transportation will make the trip more expensive because the black cabs measure the waiting time when they do not move. easily accessible after all hours and good ignorance on Heathrow means it's easy to find them. Upon depletion of up to five business travelers, they can be accommodated, even if they all have a lot of luggage, it will be a problem.

Alternative private cabin rentals are licensed taxi services. This could be a better choice for a business traveler, especially when traveling together with a luggage. There are a number of vehicle types ranging from standard 4/5 seats and 6/7 passenger cars to 15 or 17 seat minibuses and even taxis. Another advantage is that you can order the vehicle in advance and at a fixed price. With so many different companies offering these services, the prices and quality of services may vary, but usually for one trip, business travelers can expect to pay a fixed postage price of CZK 40.00 (48.00 CZK / 66.00 CZK) per saloon car ; 50,00 Kč (60,00 Kč / 83,00 Kč) for car; £ 55.00 ($ 66.00 / $ 90.00) for a powerful vehicle; 55,00 liber (66,00 Kč / 90,00 Kč) for carriers; € 65.00 (€ 78.00 / $ 108.00) for an 8-seater minibus; £ 80.00 ($ 96.00 / $ 132.00) for a powerful human carrier; and £ 165.00 (€ 198.00 / $ 272.00) for a 16-seat minibus. Savings can be made at all rates if the return trip is booked in advance.

Traveling on a black cab or licensed taxi allows travelers on their business trips to travel freely at their own pace and can deal with this. This can be a very relaxing way to get from London to London, especially after a long flight, and offers business travelers the opportunity to relax before their business meeting.

If you need to provide executive or VIP transport services, chauffeured services are readily available (pre-booked) between Heathrow Airport and London. The type of vehicle and the length of time you need it determine the price you pay. Chauffeur managed services are easily available to find online. The same applies to charter helicopter services that can transfer a powerful business passenger from Heathrow to central London (Battersea Heliport) in about 15 minutes. Flightline Travel Management has experience in providing both modes of transport to our customers and we like to ask

© Copyright Flightline Travel Management Ltd. All rights reserved

All prices are correct at time of publication.

How To Mitigate Risks When Traveling To A Foreign Country

No matter whether you are the first or frequent traveler, travel safety begins with you. Some people traveling abroad are part of their office work.

People who travel overseas business trips for various reasons, such as:

– attending business meetings / workshops / workshops,

– presentation of academic works / lectures,

– participation in business missions / exhibitions / cultural presentations,

– Signature of the Agreement / Memorandum of Understanding (MOU),

– collection materials for articles or books,

– participation in student exchange programs,

– Performs Hajj or Umrah, etc.

A frequent traveler, he tries to find the most risky types of risks the overseas traveler is likely to face. It can be divided into five parts, for early preparation; at the airport; while in the host country and personal security; hotel safety;

Travelers should keep in mind that security measures are tight at airports and hotels and must therefore learn to take reasonable and cautious travel arrangements. Readers should also note that the ideas listed here are not exhaustive, they are intended to be used only as a guide and safety tips that are derived from other sources.

Early preparation

Based on the writer's own experience, except for careful preparation, there are not many risks. This usually includes: a passport; booking two trips; hotel reservation; visa of the host country; currency; any required vaccination; and travel insurance.

Pas is considered to be your own life. It's also the most commonly used document whenever you travel. It is used when applying for a visa, airport check-in, immigration and customs check-in, check-in, pick-up checks (if necessary), etc.

With regard to packaging, individual taste. The golden rule to follow is always the light of the road. Small thieves and handkerchiefs like to use or prey for tired passengers loaded with heavy luggage. Additional safety warnings when packing: pack your luggage yourself; lock your luggage so you can not insert or remove anything; Use clear-looking luggage (designer, fantasy or cargo baggage attracts the attention of potential hijackers); use your luggage and put another one in the luggage compartment; Remove old brands of the destination airline. and wear the appropriate clothing

For those who wear a notebook, always check the type of connector used by the host country first – this may be a British three-pole, a European double-pole circle, a US two-piece apartment or others. In case of doubt, bring the international adapter. To avoid attracting attention, passengers are encouraged to put their notebooks in non-laptop bags.

You may want to bring a reasonable amount of medication for common illnesses such as fever, diarrhea, coughing, last remark do not make any sharp objects, lit objects and check-in at the airport at least 3 hours before departure

It is for your advantage, if your organization has a local contact to take care of you while you are at

At the airport

Business travelers should be aware of the following security and safety measures: refrain from carrying luggage or parcels for others; Never leave your luggage unattended at the airport, even on the perception of a safe place, such as the Golden Lounge; Always arrive at the luggage compartment when you leave the aircraft during transit or transit; Avoid talking about your office work, purpose of travel, accommodation, itineraries, etc. with strangers. If you need to put your luggage, put it between your legs.

While in host country and personal security

After completing all landing formalities, you must first wait for baggage clearance, if any. Areas of luggage claims are usually located immediately behind an immigration counter. When collecting luggage, make sure that the luggage compartment is damaged. Someone working in the airport complex may have tried to manipulate things, perhaps by accident. If this happens to your luggage, report the safety table immediately.

Before leaving the airport, call a local contact person if you have one. We recommend changing some money to your local currency. You may have to pay a taxi from the airport to the hotel in local currency. In some places, however, you can use the service of one of the renowned taxi counters and the travel is charged to your hotel account.

Passengers may want to note that in some countries US dollars are considered commodities. Pollution of notes will affect the value of the exchange rate. Course exchange may vary by bank account – higher banknotes charge a higher exchange rate.

If your business meeting takes place outside the hotel, book a hotel taxi for your transport needs. It can be a bit more expensive, but it's safer. Always go after the pairs whenever possible. In many cities taxis are reliable, however, get ready with a little change as many taxi drivers do not have. A small change can also be used as a tip if you feel it would be good for you.

We remind you that it is normal for a building security officer to ask for your ID in exchange for visiting a visitor. You can enter any form of ID, but never passport

To minimize personal risks when traveling abroad, we recommend that you follow the steps below: Inform yourself or register with your country's high commission. inform or register with the Country / Region Manager's Office (applicable to some multinational companies that have overseas offices); keep a low profile and do not expose yourself; do not display money or jewelry in public; carry a cell phone all the time; learn not to trust anyone; as much as possible, try to look like a local, such as a dressing; learn to break away from the routine; do not be kidnapped in local civil litigation – Stay in the house; do not drive, so it is possible to prevent traffic accidents; if you were arrested, immediately contact your High Commission for help; Use your shoulder wallet to have your passport, ticket, cash, etc. Never connect with drugs; avoid walking alone and shorten the time spent on the streets; women should not walk alone in the street to avoid unnecessary harassment; and beware of the criminals who pose with police staff in clean clothes to confiscate foreign tourists.

Other useful travel tips include: hold both hands free; keep a passport, ticket and cash all the time; make photocopies of passports and tickets, but keep them separate from the originals; be careful when using maps because they indicate that you are a foreigner or a tourist; keep the blood type in your wallet / wallet, if available; to correctly place your mobile phone, as the theft is common in some countries; suggest that you bring pasport photography with you; avoid buying too many expensive items using payment cards. Before signing, always check the amount on your credit card purchase credit card. Eat only cooked food and drink bottled drinking water or bottled mineral water; bringing a signaling device, e.g., a whiplash whistle; Practice the use of a local public telephone, if possible; learn how to divide the placement of valuable items you have; not to eat and drink from strangers – may be given drugs; (19659002) Safety of hotels

While increasing security, hotels can install a metal detector arc in some countries or use a handheld metal detector

As a security measure during hotel check-in, a room requirement of up to sixth floor is available. It is easier to escape in case of an emergency, eg fire. Travelers should be sure that rooms on lower floors provide easy access to thieves or intruders. Upon your arrival, put your luggage in front of you.

After check in, bring your own luggage to your room. Travelers arriving late at night may want to ask a bell or a porter to bring the luggage directly to the room and accompany him. When you first enter your hotel room, thoroughly check the room (in the bathroom, at the connecting door, behind the curtain, in the cabinet, etc.) to ensure that the room is actually empty and safe to close the door

to reduce or minimize the risks during your stay in the hotel, are the following useful and disadvantages: choose a newly built hotel. The manager has certainly installed the latest security gadgets available on the market; check the location of fire and stairs, etc. It is useful when you need to evade or evacuate quickly during an emergency, such as fire, bomb threats, terrorist attacks, earthquakes, etc. Remember that the lift is out of order in an emergency situation; For additional protection for you and your valuables, consider using the rubber wedge or door plug you usually use at home; always have a torch with a flashlight with extra batteries – to use when power is interrupted. Some hotels provide a lantern that is usually in the closet; Verify the caller before opening the door; Show Do Not Disturb on the Door; check the hotel whether drinking water can be used. In some countries, you can not drink tap water or boil because it could damage your stomach. Boil the supplied mineral water and prepare drinks; Place your items in one or two places. It is easier to re-wrap them if you need to avoid it quickly, eg in an emergency; to prevent theft of the hotel, keep all the things under lock when leaving the room; and if you have planned a meeting at the same hotel where you are staying, it is in your advantage to first check the location of the room in the near future.

Return from the trip

For safety reasons, it is safer to travel directly from the hotel to the airport. Passengers should plan ahead when leaving the hotel, as traffic conditions in some cities are unpredictable.

The departing passengers are required to fill out the exit card. They are also required to pay airport tax, unless it is included in the ticket price.

Again, do not carry any sharp objects, flameproof objects and check in at least 3 hours before departure

Remember that safety rules start with you

Explore the Beauty of Santo Domingo With Affordable Air Tickets

Parque Zoologico Nacional: This park is located in Santo Domingo. It is the largest zoo in the Caribbean region. This park has become popular among locals and travelers because of its size, splendor, and the huge mammals and animals it lives in. The park is divided into 400 acres of land. There are some of the most interesting mammals in the park, including Hutia, formerly considered extinct, and the second one was the solenodon, which is 30 million years old. Hutia is very rarely found and is characterized by long ears. Book your tickets to Santo Domingo and check out these amazing beings in the capital.

Cities: Santo Domingo visits visitors with its two most beautiful cities – Sousa and Cabarete.

Sousa: This city attracts visitors with its glittering white sand beaches, luxurious homes and large all-inclusive resorts. It is an ideal beach destination in the Dominican Republic. Snorkeling is a popular activity that you can try out in Sousa. Sousa beach is a U-shaped beach decorated with huge palms that complement the beauty of its shores.

Cabarete: It is considered to be one of the top five destinations in the world practicing sports such as windsurfing and kiteboarding. The city has many great beaches, namely beach town and Cabarete beach, etc. You can also try sunbathing, diving and other water sports on these beaches. With a wide selection of Santo Domingo flights available these days, you can go back to many activities on the beach in the city.

Natural attractions: For nature lovers, the capital has two national parks – Isla Cabritos National Park and Los Haitises National Park.

Isla Cabritos National Park: This park is located west of Santo Domingo and starts daily from 7:00 to 17:00. Isla Cabritos also offers boat rides starting from 7:30 to 13:00.

Los Haitises National Park: This park is mostly commonly known for its caves. the beauty of this coastal park stretches over 12, 00 square kilometers. The area has large mangrove swamps where manatees want to meet in roots. It is a wonderful place visited by locals and tourists due to its natural beauty. You can visit this area booking a touring package to Santo Domingo. Visitors are required to pay the nominal fees for entry to this location, but the place to visit.

The Basics On Flying Remote Controlled Planes

The adrenaline rush that comes with every flight of remote-controlled aircraft is definitely excited that enthusiasts enjoy every time they do it. However, many beginners tend to make the mistake of plunging into the field with their newly purchased models and starting to conquer an open space without any real knowledge of how RC planes should fly. The results include a large amount of one person's investment on this hobby that will waste it.

It is necessary for the first timemen in this hobby to take some time and learn about what they actually do. To get started with the most basic, you have to know the different parts of the plane what everyone can do and what their limits are. The basic model of the aircraft comes with a number of parts that play part of its flight. The body of the aircraft is referred to as the hull and is where the engine, tail and wing of the aircraft are connected. The wing is a horizontal flight plane where the elevator is. This is also the place where the flaps and the ailerons are attached. Ailerons are surfaces located on the outside of the wing.

Turns up and down so that when the right wing is right, the left is down. These areas have control over the plane of the aircraft. Upper and vertical stabilizers form the back of the plane. It is a horizontal stabilizer where the elevator is suspended and vertical where the rudder is hung. The lift includes the horizontal tail surfaces that control the pitch of the plane while the rudder is a surface on the vertical tail portion and has a plane swing control. All kinds of aircraft come with a motor that is responsible for the power that rotates the propeller. On the other hand, the propeller is a twisted profile or rotary blade that is driven by the engine and creates a pull for a continuous flight. Propeller Propeller Cover is a nasal cone called spinner. Helps with greater airflow. The cockpit is the place where the pilots are set and the controls and equipment are strategically placed.

After knowing the RC planes & parts, it is easier to continue the steps with how to get into the air. It starts with the preparations before the arrival by switching on the transmitter and the plane. You should check the flight direction as well as the size of the antenna and check whether the control surfaces are capable of responding to distances of 50 to 100 feet without undue movement. To make sure wind speed is appropriate, you can stick the tape to the end of the remote antenna and hold the controller parallel to the ground. The tape should not be parallel to the ground. To check the wind direction, you can throw light materials in the air to see how wind is moving.

As soon as they are all ready, it's time to shift the remote-controlled aircraft to "power and speed on the ground." Once the speed is reached, it is possible to set the power to full speed and give it a firm takeoff into the air and then return to the controls. It is best to have an experienced flyer to help you with some help.To move the plane to the right or left you can move the right control lever to the right or left.The plane should be leased An excessive nose increase can cause it to stop

These are only the most basic things that a beginner should learn above all and fly better with remote-controlled aircraft There are various flying and maintenance techniques we should learn about

Aviation Sights of Long Island


Aerial seed planted on the long islands of Hempstead Plains in 1909, when Glenn Curtiss first flew over it in its biplane Golden Flyer, grew up and grew up for six decades until it eventually failed to combine its own

sights that depict its general aviation, business, military, and space branch and geographically spread between Garden City and Calverton, describes this route. Air Cradle Museum

A Cradle of the Aviation Museum, located on a museum line in a garden town near the Coliseum, at the University of Nassau and the Hofstra University, tells most of the space story Long Island

. then district director Francis T. Purcell identified funding for the reconstruction of two aircraft hangars in the former Mitchell field and showed several tens of aircraft until he completed the reconstruction in 1995. The 130,000-square-meter facility and $ 40 million on the 75th anniversary of Lindbergh's transatlantic flight in 2002 exhibits more than 70 air and space ships, 11 of which are one-time designs linked to or built on Long Island and uncovered during a 20- which ran from Lake Michigan to Guadalcanal. Subsequently, volunteers from confidential airline and defensive aircraft manufacturers were recovered and retained, contributing approximately 650,000 hours to the project. The result was the largest, year-round, educational, recreational and cultural institution in Long Island.

According to New York Governor George E. Pataki, museum visitors "see for a short while that Long Island has brought a fragile biplanes from 1911 to build a lunar module that humans have taken to the Moon in the 1960s." Through these displays, the cradle becomes a powerful mirror that reflects our own abilities, intellect and ability to conquer time and space, and gives tributes to American innovation and groundbreaking spirit. "

The Air Cradle Museum, controlled by the impressive four-storey glass atrium, Reckson Center, greets visitors with the ceiling hanging overhead fighter Grumman F- 11A Tiger in Blue English and 1929 Fleet 2 Biplane Trainer symbolically representing the rising rise of the Long Island Aircraft Legacy

The main exhibits found in eight galleries in both the restored Army Air Corps Hangars 3 and 4 still bearing the words "Mitche l Elev 90 feet "on their facades and now marked with airspace and space hall Donald Everett Axinn are accessible to the second floor of the skywalk, which is housed by the third ceiling hinged replica of the Sperry Messenger biplane from 1922 designed by Lawrence Sperry Aircraft Company Farmingdale hangs [19659002] According to the Skywalk poster, "Long Island has been the foremost US aviation and space adventure in the past hundred years … It all started here on the Hempstead Plain of Long Island."

A one-time descent leads to the first of the Dream of Wings museums. Displaying a triumph of flight with lighter than airborne ships demonstrates how balloon, dragon, glider and airspeed experiments have changed the flight's dream into reality and led to heavier-than-air successors, displaying the generation of an aerostatic elevator, Alexander Graham Bell is a tetrahedral dragon, Otto Lilienthal wing and the 1906 Timmons dragon built in Queens, the oldest air show museum. Two years later, a 20-horsepower Glenn Curtiss designed for two years later, and a Mineola bicycle ride, the Bright Brothers tower, produced a bicycle technology for aircraft with propellers and wings. [19659002] The "Hempstead Plains" gallery, another met, poses a 1910 air encounter. Between recordings of rotating propellers and accelerated aircraft, the collection of first-class designs is lovely for lawn fields and contains the original Bleriot XI of 1909, the fourth oldest, ever-operating dragon in the world; death-and-bamboo replica Glenn Curtiss is the Golden Flyer, the first heavier-than-airplane plane to fly across Long Island; replica Wri Brothers & Vin Fiz; jednoplošník Hanriot; biplane Farman, engine Anzani from 1911; and 1913 Studebaker "a motor wagon."

During the First World War, as illustrated by the following galleries, triumph years have been transferred to the destruction of humans because the airplane has assumed the role of a weapon, and Long Island has become the center of military aviation design, testing and production during this time. The display is the first aircraft acquired by Charles Lindberg, Curtiss JN-4 Jenny purchased in 1923 for $ 500; along with Breese Penguin coach from 1918, the only one of the original 250 original ones left; Thomas-Morse S4C Scout with a flying airplane with an original Marlin machine gun; and the F. Trubee Davison World War 1 hangar, which sports a ribbed, uncovered dragon Curtiss Jenny with a propeller, propeller and fuel tank; and 196nm of the Gnome Monosoupope engine with a capacity of 160 hp and a 1916 engine from France.

During the Golden Age of Aeronautics, which ranged from 20 years from 1919 to 1938, the mature aerospace industry evolved from a dangerous sport to a viable commercial industry. This varied collection of aircraft in this gallery includes a sister ship to the original Ryan NYP Spirit of St. Louis. Louis and used to shoot epic stories; the aerospace engineering company "Ace", which became America's first sports aircraft; replica of the Curtiss / Sperry aerial torpedo; 1932 Grumman F3F-2 Navy Scout Fighter; Brunner Winkle Model Byrd Biplane built in Glendale, Queens; US Air Force / Amphibian Savoie Marchetti S-56 made in Port Washington; and Grumman G-21 Goose in Blue, Mr. American Airways System Paintings

During the Second World War, as shown by his respective gallery, aircraft made by Repubic and Grumman were crucial to the victory of the US, and during the six-year period 1939 to 1945, about 45,000 kites were removed from the production line. The display is the helpless warrior Waco CG-4, who was used to deliver soldiers behind enemy lines; Republic of P-47N Thunderbolt; Grumman F6F Hellcat, the Grumman TBM Avenger, the Grumman F6F Hellcat, the Douglas C-47 cockpit, and the Lower Sperry type A-2 to protect the underside of the B-17 and the B-24 long

as evidenced by the Jet Age Gallery, rebuilt military air transport by endowing aircraft with unprecedented speed, scope, maneuverability, and offensive capabilities, and Grumman Aircraft Corporation played a part in this development. designed more than 40 civilian and military types, which represented approximately 33,000 kites and provided employment to 200,000 Long Island residents. Its military aircraft played a crucial role in many conflicts, including those in Korea, Vietnam, Gulf War, the Balkans, Afghanistan, and Iraq. There are several Grumman designs, including the E-2 Hawkeye for the early warning / control and steering aircraft, the F9F-7 Cougar, the F-14 Tomcat forward fuselage and the A-6 Intruder cockpit simulator, while Republic Aviation is represented by the F-84B Thunderjet , the F-105B supersonic fighter and the Thunderbolt A-10A cabin compartment. Boeing 727, Westinghouse J-34's Nose and Cockpit and Turbine Engine

Current Air Force Gallery features air traffic controllers that emphasize the overcrowded JFK, La Guardia and Newark airport trips with their Long Island MacArthur and White Plains secondary airports Westchester County, and Farmingdale's Republic, the busiest field for General Aviation and Relief

The Exploring Space Gallery, the last of eight, represents a dramatic transition from atmospheric flight into space and highlights the rich contribution of Long Island to this to the aviation sector. His exhibits include the Goddard A-series; grumman orbiting astronomical observatory; adapter Grumman echo; Sputnik's satellite model of life, which was introduced by the Soviet Union and whose original hardware launched the space race; Rocket Grumman Rigel from 1953; module simulator Grumman Lunar Module; and the Rockwell control module, which was used before the 25,000 mph ground reconnaissance test in 1966 before the pilots of Apollo

"Clean room," representing the environment in which all manual lunar modules were made. to the gallery – and the most precious exhibit of the museum – the real LM-13 covered LM-13, covered 22.5 meters, which was built on the thirteenth and last lunar module, which was dramatically lit by legs stored on the simulated moon scene. Designed for a historic mechanical landmark, the lunar module was the first space ship ever to transmit human beings from Earth to another planet or its moons.

Gallery Museum Annex Jet Gallery, which shares facilities with the Long Island Fire Department Fire Department, has the A-10 Thunderbolt II Republic, the Grumman F-14A forward trumpet, the F-14A Tomcat, the Grumman A-6F Intruder, and the front nose and cockpit El Al Boeing 707.

Other museum objects include seven-story, 300-digit, 76-foot wide Leroy R. and Rose W. Grumman IMAX Theater, New York State's largest domed site and Long Island single IMAX screen; Red Planet Café with Martian theme, showing the Grumman "Molab" Mobile Lunar Laboratory from 1961 for moon, living and testing; balcony based Aerospace Honor Roll; and the Mitchel Field Outpost gift and bookshop.

The Cradle of Aviation Museum is a world-class facility that preserves, exhibits and interprets the rich aviation heritage of Long Island

3. American Air Force Museum

The US Air Force Museum, which is located at Republican Farmingdale Airport, has a history. It is located in a historic hangar where historic WWII aircraft were built and tested at this historic airport.

The airport itself, founded in 1928 as the Fairchild Flying Field, when the current Sherman Fairchild facility was too small to support the continued production of FC-2 and model 71, passed the torch to Grumman for five years, from 1932 to 1937, when Fairchild Engine and Air Production Company moved to Maryland

Nordic, establishing its presence in the field in 1935, continued its tradition of aircraft construction and testing, rebuilt "Republic Aviation" and extensively expanding its premises with three new hangars, a control tower and a longer runway. The main contractor of military designs during World War II was over 9,000 Thunderbolts and 800 F-105 storms during the Vietnam War.

After buying the airport in 1965, Fairchild-Hiller sold it to Farmingdale, the company that changed it to a public building in 1969, and the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), which bought it for $ 25 million in 1969, renamed airports in the Republic, prolonged the existing runway 14-32 and built a 100-meter FAA tower and the construction of a small passenger terminal

General Aviation / Airlift Airports on an area of ​​526 acres, which in April 1983 again changed to the Department of Transportation in New York (DOT), has an economic impact of $ 139 million on the Nassau and Suffolk Districts. Its 546-year and intermediate airplanes recorded 190,723 annual movements, of which 93 per cent included general aviation, six per cent air taxis and one per cent military in the whole range of aircraft types, including single-engine, multi-engine, piston, turboprop, clean jet and rotary wing its two tracks: the 5,516-track 1-19 and the 6,827-track 14-32. As the third largest airport in New York in terms of take-offs and landings after JFK and La Guardia and its largest aviation in general aviation, 1 634 enplanements were processed in 2005, mostly due to charter flight activity.

In this atmosphere, the New Motorway is an American Air Museum. Hangar 3, its location, was completed in 1927 along with other buildings at the cost of $ 500,000 and served as an incubation point of about 9,000 Republican P-47 Thunderbolts during the Second World War. As a result, it was previously considered part of the "arsenal of democracy". The museum, which was launched after $ 250,000 in Grant Grant by Governor George E. Pataki and was dedicated to the Pearl Harbor Memorial Service in 2000, was built to serve as a living offering to the veteran population in Long Island by

Colonel Francis Gabreski, who recorded most of his victories in World War II in the Republic of P-47s, was the highest organizer of the aces on Long Island and originally served as honorary museum commander

Supplementary Static Displays at the Museum The Cradle of Aviation Museum, the American Airpower Museum, features the sights, sounds and experiences of operational warriors and bombers of World War II, for the first time in 54 years, the New York metropolitan area boasts such success. As a Williamsburg military aviation facility accurately declares its mission as "where the history flies."

For example, the North American T-6 Texan flew first in 1935 and was one of the most used advanced fighter pilots during the war .

Warriors Curtiss-Wright P-40 Warhawk, who also flew first this year, reached a speed of 363 mph and is currently wearing a Tiger Tiger strip. No aircraft could be more at home in the hangar 3 of the US Air Force Museum, however, rather than the Republic P-47 Thunderbolt, the same design that gathered here in the thousands. He first took off in the sky from the track, just a few meters away in 1940, was the largest, heaviest single-pilot single-piston fighter ever to produce 467 mph. P-51 Mustang, whose maximum speed was 30 miles per hour below Thunderbolt, flew high-floor escort missions of B-17 and B-24 bombers long-distance and downed other enemy airplanes than any other European World War II theater

Navy aircraft Grumman TBM Avenger, a torpedo bomber with carrier, hunted German U-boats off the Long Island coast, while the Vought FG-1D Corsair was used both by the Navy and the Navy. Marines and reached air speeds of 446 mph

Consolidated PBY Catalina, the orbital orbital orbital PBA Catalina, was searching for enemy submarines. It has a range of 2,545 miles, a ceiling of 15,748 feet, and a speed of 178 mph

The North American Missile B-25 North American bomber, called Miss Hap, was General Hapo Arnold's Personal Aircraft, while the type was generally known by Doolittle Raid.

The collection also contains several fighters. For example, the L-39 Albatross is a Soviet trainer 570 mph, which first flew in 1968 and is still in operation with 16 countries. The Republic of F-84 Thunderjet, one of the first fighters, reached a speed of 620 mph and served from 1948 to the Korean War. The RF-84 Thunderflash, also designed by the republic, is a 720 mph photorecontact aircraft with photographic capability from horizon to horizon and served in 1953 and 1971. Republic F-105 Thunderchief, supersonic fighter and assault bomber, was the most developed in Vietnam in its F-105D takeover, carrying more than 12,000 pounds of gunnery and reaching a speed of 1390-mph. It served for a quarter of a century from 1955 to 1980. General Dynamics F-111, a supersonic airplane 1.2.1, a variable geometry aircraft, first flew in 1967 and saw service in Vietnam, Libya and Iraq.

In addition to the aircraft themselves, there are nose and cockpit sections, including Fairchild-Republic A-10, Mig-21, Beech 18 / C-45 and Douglas C-47. such as General Electric J-47 and Allison V-1710.

World War II is a story about aviation also narrated through films, period scenes and dioramas, extensive model and memorabilia collections, vintage cars, Ready Room, Briefing Room, Dining Room, Gift Shop and Music-Related Era

Tours are regularly provided by the historic, five-story, 1943 control tower located in Hangar 4. The cabin view, amid radio and radar equipment overlooking two airport runways, provides an overview of the functions of the regulators, which often included the Coordinating Vectors of the P- 47, A-10, F-84 and F-105 are located in the dense airbase in the Zahns Airport, practically across the road, Grumman in Bethpage, Mitchel Field in Garden City, Floyd Bennett Field Marine Air Station in Brooklyn, and Vought Factory in Long Island Sound in Connecticut, a network with an emphasis on the early nuclear role of Long Island in aviation

Because the collection 19659002] His own and signature occasion on board the Douglas C-47 Skytrain, which was last used by Israeli air forces, simulates the famous alliance invasion of Normandy in the morning of June 6, 1944.

After deploying a paratrooper, helmet, and modified parachute in the emergency room, future jumps move to the Briefing Room, where the middle of the wooden benches and timetables are explained in detail, the ssara rearrange the maneuver behind the French fences after falling to the ground. The French francs are divided

A cohesive, identically dressed team is now on board a twin-engine, olive green C-47 that is configured with wooden side benches and actually engages in operations in Normandy

During the recent summer, the plane went on track 1 at the airport of the Republic and started his piston-driven acceleration cylinder, lifted the end wheel and surrendered perfectly to the blue sky as he pulled his chassis

Climbing to 1200 feet and maintaining a speed of 125 mph, Douglas twins spread across the south shore of Long Island from Jones Beach, which simulated similar sands of Normandy.

After reaching the specified drop zone, the jumpmaster cried out: "Stand up, check the gear, and the paratroopers connected their tracks with the plane in preparation for immediate rescue."

The parachuting procedures were drilled and the actual 1944 event was narrated. , realism must have ended up there

However, after relocating, the feeling of disconnecting Day D during a real jump was re-created, while the temporary soldiers climbed from the rear, left hatch, their Velcroes with a fine piece of symbolic disengagement from the machine, (19659002) Before the uniform is removed, the passengers are asked to get into their pockets to get a card that reveals the identity of their historic twin or the paratrooper, which they represented during Simulated mission, however, the parachutist made a real jump, and the card indicates whether he lived or died in the card.

In addition to the flight experience of the C-47 American Airpower Museum, static airplane prints and aviation are planned during holidays and special occasions, Commemorative Day, Fourth of July, Historical Anniversary, and an annual Summer Weekend Essay weekend designed to encourage young people to write about the virtues, victories, and successes of a friend or relative from the Second World War. The winning composition gained experience with the bombing of flights. The aircraft contained the constellation MATS C-121; Berlin Airlift "The Spirit of Liberty" C-54; B-17 Flying Fortress; Liberator B-24; B-25 Mitchell; and PT-17 Stearman, the last four of which were operated by the Collings Foundation

The Post-Museum visit dinner at the 56th Fighter Group restaurant is located on the side 110 of the airport's airport side, although not linked to the museum itself, complements and finishes the day of the Second World War. It looks like a 1940s English war farm, but transmits a feast to this era through the "Officer's Mess" record; rustic roof grid ceilings; fireplace ornamental dining rooms; Photographs, memorabilia and helicopters related to the Second World War; simulated, bombed terrace; Big Band Music; and views of replicas P-40, P-47 and Corsair. The menu of steaks and seafood is known for its signature beer cheese soup.

The US Air Force Museum is the live air time portal of the Second World War and the invaluable contribution of Long Island to its victory. The Post-Museum Dinner at the 56th Fighter Group Restaurant provides a cook's cap.

4. Bayport Aerodrome Living Aviation Museum

The Bayport Aerodrome Living Aviation Museum, created by the Bayport Aerodrome Society to preserve and present aviation in the early 20th century at a representative airport in the grass, is a complex of 24 hangars of private antique and experimental aircraft

three miles southeast of Long Island MacArthur Airport, is an unmanageable field with a single 150-foot wide 2740-meter grass / grass (18-36) and 45 single-engine airplane pools. Of its average 28 daily movements, 98% are local, the rest is temporary. Designated by Davis Field from 1910 to 1952, it was renamed Edwards Airport until 1977, after it was acquired by the city of Islip. On January 22, 2008 he was listed in the National Register of Historic Places, which is proudly announced by his record: "Bayport Aerodrome."

The Bayport Aerodrome Society, which was set up in 1972 to maintain such a time, runs weekend supplementary flights of its operational jet collections in June and September, including Piper Cubs, Waco Biplanes, N2S Stearmans, Fleet Model 16Bs, Byrds and PT-22s. There is also a small museum.

5. Grand Old Airshow

The Grand Old Airshow, which was first held in 2006 at Calabro Airport in Brookhaven, was designed to transport audiences to the earlier, bipolar and World War II and introduced the Long Island Aircraft

Calabro Airport itself is 600 – built during World War II to provide logistical support to the Army Air Corps, but was acquired by Brookhaven in 1961, whose General Aviation division is currently operating. The field with two runways – 4,200-course 6-24 and 4,224-track 15-33 – is home to three fixed base operators offering ties, T hangars, conventional hangars, flight training and refueling as well as East Suffolk Boces, Dowling Aviation College, Long Island Climbing Association and Iceland Air Aviation. There is a small terminal with a dining area. Of its 217 aircraft, about 92 percent are included in single-component types and the average is 370 a day or 135,100 annual movements.

This year's airshow attracts a visitor by inviting him to join us this year when we return in time to celebrate the golden age of the aviation age in Long Island, "when" biplanes admired the sky ten years ago. "It continues to offer the experience of" the past days of aviation, such as World War I battles, open cockpit biplanes, WWII fighters and, of course, the famous Geico Skytypers, rising over the blue sky of Long Island. "

Antique cars and static aircraft displays, including the TBM Avengers, Fokker Dr-1s, Nieuports and Messerschmidt Me-109s, while the air racers included comedy maneuvers made in the Piper J-3 Cubs by the "randomly selected" member of Carl Spackle, Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome – borrowed Delsey Dives and balloon explosions targeting Great Lakes Speedsters, Fleet 16Bs and PT-17 Stearmans, fast races between runway and PT-17 motorcycles, SF-260 acrobatics, and jumping Sukho 29.

Sikorsky UH- 34D Sea Horse Marine helicopter, used for combat rescue in Vietnam during the Cuban crisis e missiles and NASA during the project's Mercury Astronaut Recovery program, demonstrated the search and rescue procedures.

Both Long Island Air and Formation Flying are well represented. Past shows were Byrd, N3N, Fleet Model 16B and N2S Stearman from Bayport Aerodrome Society; P-40 Warhawks and P-51 Mustangs from Warbirds through Long Island; F4U Corsairs from the American Airpower Museum; and North American SNJ-2s from Geico Skytypers Airport.

There are classic rides of vehicles and aircraft. Spectators bring their own chairs to the grass and lead them alongside the active runway. There is a period of clothing and speeches are given by Tuskegee by airplane. Concession trucks sell everything from ready-made dogs to ice-cream and souvenirs, and numerous flying schools and associations of male stands.

The Grand Old Airshow, which takes place in the autumn, is a one-day sky, where Long Island's versatile history has been written and is now being recreated.

6. Memorial Park Grumman

The Grumman Memorial Park, located on one acre of the former Grumman Aerospace Flight Test Facility in Calverton, just 1000 meters from one of its runways, is, according to its description, "a volunteer effort remarkable for the incredible advances in aviation and a space flight that took place on Long Island through the teamwork of Grumman Corporation's staff, a specialized group of people taking off aviation from the US Navy Airborne Deck to the first steps of a man on the moon. "

Leroy Randle Grumman, a man behind this company, was born on January 4, 1895, and was founded by Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation 35 years later, according to a park record "in a small garage in Baldwin, Long Island, New York, and later in Valley Stream, Farmingdale, Bethpage, Calverton, the company has designed and manufactured innovative aircraft and spacecrafts of the United States military force States and the Civil Market. "Incorporated into all of these proposals was a direct philosophy of the company" to keep it simple … build it hard … make it work. "

Phase One of the Park, completed October 28, 2000, was dedicated to "preserving the legacy of the Grumman Corporation (s) of men and women who designed, built and flown aircraft and spacecraft that had ascended to heaven and beyond."

The center element, mounted on the pedestal in the climbing profile, is the F-14A Tomcat. Driven by two Pratt and Whitney TF30-P-414A turbochargers, equipped with 20,900-kilometer (20,900-kilometer) auxiliary combustion engines, a variable geometry fighter whose shift ranges from 20 degrees forward to 68 degrees in the rear position, the 331th Tomcat a dragon from a nearby Calverton assembly line and first flew off the track nearly reach July 6, 1979. Served two months later on US VF-101 Warplanes in Oceana, Virginia, it carried 2,385 gallons of fuel, including that which was stored in two an external tank of 267 gallons and had a range of 1,191 million. The Mach 2 airplane delivered 25 years of service prior to decommissioning and was one of the 712 F-14, which was produced in 1970-1992.

Surrounded by the brick inscriptions that include the "Walk of Honor," the display has several interactive features, including a soundtrack of his visitor-controlled story, the extras of the extra burning sound and the activation of the wing and tail light

The second displayed aircraft, Phase of the park, the Grumman A-6E Intruder is located on the other side of the small car park. Original A2F-1 tracking, which first flew in 1960, was one of 693 airplanes for all weather attacks that were powered by two Pratt and Whitney J-52 P-8B jet engines and had a maximum takeoff weight of £ 58,600. Running on a 42,400-foot ceiling, a 648-mph aircraft could deliver eight 500-billion-ton bombs with precision and could carry a whole arsenal of weapons that hit targets more than 500 miles from the aircraft carrier on which they were placed without the need to replenish fuel. The production was completed in 1997.

In addition to two aircraft, the original Calverton Plant 7 flagship, the Bethpage Plant 14, and the Bethpage section with the incident light from which each Grumman F6F Hellcat had

are also visible Hughes AIM-54A Phoenix dlouhý dosah air-to-air střely, nedílná součást F-14 Tomcat AWG-9 zbraňový systém. S délkou 13 stop a třemi nohama byla rozpětí křídel 1,021 libry, jejíž 132-librová hlavice byla poháněna pevným raketovým motorem. Cestoval rychlostí 5 Mach, měl 96 kilometrů. F-14 může nést až šest takových raket Phoenix.

Grumman Memorial Park, nedávné dílo, jehož devět dalších akrů nakonec zahrnuje návštěvnické centrum a další letecké displeje, nabízí počáteční pohled na vynikající vojenské návrhy Grummana jen yardy z továrny, která je vyliahla.

7. Conclusion

Long Island's six-decade aerial journey, which had begun on its Hempstead Plains in 1909 when Glenn Curtiss had first taken off in the Golden Flyer biplane and ended when the Lunar Module had first landed on the moon's Sea of Tranquility in 1969, is expertly recounted by its world-class aviation sights.

Prepare For Long Term Travel

Preparation for long-term travel

Traveling abroad is an art. It requires the intellect it plans, the courage to accept, and perseverance to endure. When planning your dream trip, you have to go through a fine line between too analytical and not-blissful ignorance (summer in Sudan, someone?).

There are a few things you should consider before booking your travel and the most important thing will be to decide where and when to go.

Where to Go

After working in cubic and daydreaming about traveling around the world, most people already have a pretty good idea where they want to go. It is a personal choice and there are amazing places you can see and experience all over the world. If you want your systems to pay for your travel, your budget is the main factor in deciding where to go.

How many World Costs

These numbers assume a few things. First, you travel slowly (no more than one out of every four days). Secondly, you will stay in clean, basic accommodation facilities. While it is certainly possible to rent a room in Cambodia with a capacity of $ 3, most people who grow up enough to run a business want a bit more comfort. A bar / lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. Room service is available during limited hours. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a spa tub, a sauna, and a steam room.

about Southeast Asia: $ 50

o United Kingdom and Ireland: $ 100

about Australia and New Zealand: $ 80

o South America: $ 55

about Africa: $ 60

o Western Europe: $ 90

o Eastern Europe: 65 USD

o The Indian Subcontinent: $ 40

about Japan: $ 90

As you can see, spending can be very reasonable, much more reasonable than the costs that you can currently pay home. However, you will want to travel somewhere that your systems can afford.

You can quickly run home and live better if you visit third world areas such as Southeast Asia and India. Although we have visited the United Kingdom several times, my wife and I are still a long way to live in London! There is another stronger reason why the Third World originally appeared: a new perspective. It is likely that if you are reading this, you are likely to be educated in the Western world. When you board this plane you will undoubtedly be ready to change and the transition from the first to the third world will be as open as the transition from the worker to the entrepreneur.

All in all, their calculations were quite close to my personal experience.

Money saving tips

These are some tips I have learned from working as a travel agent and personal experience. There are many, many ways to break down your budget:

o Buy tickets in advance or at the last minute. So many people rise above the rise in flight costs when they buy a damn thing that month and save the package. Here is my rule about budget travel: Buy tickets forward if you know where you want to go, buy last minute, if not. For example, in San Francisco, there is currently a special three-hundred-dollar discount for the last minute. Do you plan to go to Hungary? No, but when the opportunity comes, you should take it.

About Slum's, then go out. My wife and I traveled all over Ireland without stopping at the bank, and yet we stayed in a good breakfast bed (including an old Irish castle). How did we do that? Simple: every night in a great location we spent two nights. Once we came to our room for the night, we cleaned up and had a good time. The next morning we set out and walked down the road. After this approach, you only have a shower for one day …

o Change your drinking habits. One of my greatest difficulties with the tourist writers is their stupidity that you should sacrifice cold beer in the name of savings. There are much better ways to save the dollar when traveling. What you should avoid is the poles. You can drink cold beer or local spirits for cheap bottles (or strangely, 7-11). I found out that I would like to buy a Guinness can in Thailand for what's behind the house! It is true that it was an Irish pub on St. John's Day. Patrick, but come …

Health: Avoiding Problems


are leaving for a trip. Several vaccinations require three or four visits, which are two to three weeks apart. Here's a short list of the most common vaccinations that are required (or highly recommended) for global travel:

o Hepatitis A and B. (If possible, get a combined vaccine)

about Japanese encephalitis

o Polio, Diphtheria and Tuberculosis

about Rabie

o Tetanus

o Typhoid


While there are no malaria vaccines, there are many anti-malarial tablets that you can use to fight the disease (although none of them are 100% effective). Contact your doctor to find out which medicine is right for you. Learn more at

To get these vaccinations, visit a local travel agency or talk to your doctor. If you are currently employed, check if your benefits are related to vaccination. During the vaccination I saved more than $ 700 due to the health insurance provided by my previous employer.


When it comes to food, I say a few simple rules:

1. Eat in restaurants with lots of people and turn high, probably means that the food is fresh.

2. Eat cooked food. Try to avoid any raw vegetables and raw fish. Fruits and vegetables that you can dig up are safer options. Consider taking vitamin tablets if you do not get enough fruit and vegetables.

3. Do not overload. If you touch contaminated food on your face, you will feel much worse than eating a smaller portion. The only two times I was abroad was shortly after a meal with three or four meals on a high steak.


Depending on where you are traveling, you may need a water purification system. I use the Steripen Adventurer UV light cleaner. Same size as a screwdriver, this wonder tool can clean one liter of water per minute with ultraviolet bulb and lithium batteries. Though it's not cheap – retail is about $ 130 – Steripen is light and efficient. Keep in mind that it does not work with ice, which is a common cause of illness among travelers.

If you plan to buy bottled water over the sea, keep in mind that many traders fill the used water bottles with local water and sell them. If the plastic seal is broken – and this is often – you probably do not want to drink it.

Traveling diarrhea

Traveling diarrhea claims 30-50% of tourists abroad during the first two weeks and is often accompanied by returns. In other words, do not be surprised if you run out of both ends … it's natural. Best thing to do? Take anti-diarrhea or antibiotics (rather than something that just turns you on), drink plenty of water, lie low and let good or bad time flow. Symptoms should disappear within a few days.

Binding Free Ties

Before you hit the road, you have to close the shop. While most of these steps are not necessary for short-term travel, they are necessary for long-distance wandering.

o Three – six months:

o Get a passport (if you do not have it).

o Reserve aircraft flights.

o Visit your doctor or travel agent to receive the vaccination. Check to see if they are covered by your employer's health insurance before you leave!

o Identify how to handle your life situation. Consider renting a furnished living room. This saves you the trouble of storing your stuff and moves you one step closer to paying your mortgage. Most people who are interested in furnished accommodation have been working abroad for a year or more: ideal for your intentions.

o Book a doctor, doctor and optometrist for one month to make sure you have a clean state of health. This will give you time to handle all the voids before leaving.

o One month:

o Set the date of cancellation of all insurance policies, payment cards and other items.

o Close all unnecessary accounts (such as bank accounts and department store accounts).

o Sign up for online banking (if you do not already have one).

o Set the send address with a mail to a friend or P.O. Box in your name.

o Find someone who rents a car. Be sure to get insurance and prepare a car leasing contract.

o Go to dental surgery, doctors and optometry.

o Get Travel Insurance

o Two Weeks Out:

o Inform your employer about two weeks.

o Send emails of passports, driving licenses, insurance policies, credit cards, and other important information you will need when you are away.

o Get your traveler's checks and send security numbers to them.

o Tell your bank that you are shopping in a foreign country with your credit card.

o Sale of garage. If you fail to sell most of your stuff, you have another garage sale week. My wife and I made more than $ 1,500 a two-day job selling our goods a month in Southeast Asia. If you can not sell your stuff, look at the storage unit.

o Get a visa if it suits your first country

Remember that you do not need half what you think you are doing, truism that applies to the crucial step in the preparation: packing for long-term travel.

What (Not) Packed

Before leaving: Create a list of items to be taken. You should include at most:


Driver's license (if possible international)

Air and train tickets

Credit cards, travelers' checks and US dollars

Photocopy of important documents

Youth hostel card

Diving certification (if any)

Passport Photos (1 or 2 countries)


One small package


Good book

Pen and Notepad

Laptop and headphones for Skype

Two pairs of light pants

One pair of shorts

Three shirts (one for a ride)

1 pair of sandals

1 pair of shoes or boots


swimming suit (if available)


silk sleeping bag (no sleeping bag)

Sewing set

Nail Scissors

Ear plugs

First aid kit

Swiss Army Knife

It will only bind you. Suppose, for example, that you buy a brand new digital camera ahead of you (you probably will). Sure, it's a great way to prove your experience, but it values ​​you much more than you think.

You have to think twice about bathing in the ocean for fear that someone will steal it. Crossing the river could potentially destroy it. Foreigners are becoming potential threats.

And these are just tangible things. The worst and most common thing is that it prevents you from actually experiencing the place before you get to the camera. It effectively removes you from your surroundings and prevents you from reaching anything at all.

Why Einstein Was Bad – How to Travel

The theory of relativity states that time is slowing as speed increases. For example, imagine a friend who crosses the solar system in a spaceship while staying here on Earth. Einstein has shown that your buddy clock would seem to click slower than your own.

Unfortunately, the opposite is true when traveling. People who travel near the speed of light – or at least sound – are coming home, seemingly unaware of where they have just visited. Placement is no more than a check box on their route, which is not an experience to be enjoyed, but shows to others. They develop classics "If it is Tuesday, it must be Rome". Speed ​​is not better, so you should not attempt to travel at the speed of light.

My advice is to travel at the speed of smell.

As I write, there is a large Vietnamese market located less than five meters away. The smell of the boom and the sounds of the locals are scattering, something I would not notice during a five-day whirlwind tour of Vietnam.

To truly experience your surroundings, you have to slow down. While guides offer hiking trips that allow you to "do" the city in a day, it takes much longer to "feel" it.

Somewhere along the track we've lost our waypoint. People visit pagodas, temples, churches, museums and art galleries that are not of personal interest but of some outstanding duty. If you are not interested in art, skip the Museum of Modern Art. If you do not like sports, forget about Superdome. Can not you see poverty first hand? He will not go to India.

It's not about seeing the most admired sights. It's about experiencing the ones that affect you most.

Your first two nights in the new region should be considered as a transitional period. Do not throw right into the mix; book your hotel before leaving and stay there for at least two nights. This will help you adapt to your new surroundings and sleep comfortably in the first days. Your first first nights should not concern travel plans, budget or any other logistics … just unplug and relax as the body adapts to new sights, smells and time zones.

Lunch at 4 pm? How To Deal With Jet Lag

There are several ways to fight the jet lag, a common problem among travelers. It will certainly hit some people heavier than others; it takes me over a week to adapt as my wife takes it. Here are some ways to fight jet lag:

o Do not eat. Studies have shown that the liver lasts longer than a new time zone adjusts than any other part of the body. Do not go for 12 hours or more to adapt your body much faster. If it seems too much, try eating for an hour of your destination a few days before departure (dinner at 10 am, someone?).

o Sunshine. The sun will help you set your day clock, so the more, the better. Exercise also helps.

o Pop some pills. There are other over-the-counter tablets that claim to help with jet lag. Although I do not have any personal experience with them, the few people I talked about swearing that they do not believe Jet Lag.

Stays in Touch

Now that you have relaxed your time and place, monitor your systems and stay in touch with loved ones. Here are some important tools for keeping your systems abroad.

Poste Restante

A great way to pick up home care packages. Get the main mail address in any city in which you are (or will be soon) and address your mail to the following:


Poste Restante, general post

City, Country

When you arrive at a post office simply enter your passport as an identification and you will be able to claim your mail. In general, post offices around the world will have mail for up to two years.


A great way to keep in touch is to start a travel blog. You can do so through free services such as or; Both are free and can be set within minutes. By creating a travel blog, you can avoid sending group emails that are always compelling and generic. This way, people who really care about your trip can always look at you, get comments and engage other visitors to your blog.

Also, blogs give you much more creative freedom than sending emails. You can include pictures, videos, polls, international clocks, maps, and a host of other customizations, all of which provide a great notebook on the go.

Word of the Year: Wifi

The name of the game. As time goes by, Internet access will become more important, so you can also get used to evaluating "free internet" higher than equipment such as free breakfast, pool and massage. Make sure you can now create systems that apply to your lifestyle, with no employees. Without faxes, cabinets, commuter and water coolers … so sign in to your accounts and make sure that the money that comes does not seem too big a hindrance, is it?

Expect internet cafes to run at $ 1-2 USD per hour. If you think your business is based on the internet, you might want to consider traveling with your laptop depending on your goals.

Laptop: Luxurious or Necessary

If you intend to develop more systems when traveling, it is necessary. You will need to upload web pages to your site, make phone interviews with potential independent staff and track your expenses and revenue. If you intend only to track or expand existing systems, you can use Internet cafes, although working in the middle of Chinese computer players is not what it's cracked to be.

Laptops also provide greater security. You do not know what kind of spyware (programs that remember your keyboard shortcuts for future use) may be on some random computer. To paraphrase sex editors, a trusted, monogamous relationship is one of the best ways to avoid viruses.

Mobile Phone

Although I personally do not use one, and can save you a lot of time if you need to call users who do not use Skype. For example, I spent thirty minutes searching for an international phone to call my bank for a two-minute phone call.


You can not go wrong with free international phone calls and Skype is exactly that. Get your friends and family home and sign up and chat over your laptop for free. More and more businesses are jumping on the train, although banks and credit card companies are still behind the curve.

Another feature that may be useful is the ability to divert calls from a US-based phone number to a mobile phone abroad. If you are processing customer service questions, it is worthwhile to enter your home number. After all, do you buy a product from a company that requires you to call East Timor with questions? Dragon Naturally Speaking

If it was not for this software, this book would never be written. In less than thirty dollars, you get a microphone, headset and the ability to dictate on your laptop. I'm able to "write" about 120 words per minute. Another bonus is that you can use a microphone and a Skype headset.

USB Card

The absolute basic tool. There will be times when you will not have access to the internet with a laptop and a practical USB will allow you to back up your work. allows you to access your home computer from any other computer in the world. If you hated traveling with a laptop, it's a way. Just remember, you will have to pay for an Internet connection along the way, which is a better solution for short-term travel.

About World Electronics USA: Get information on global phones. A good explanation of what GSM frequencies and "bands" work in countries that determine the phone you buy for travel (and maybe home).

o Universal adapter: I bought adapters in several countries so we can power our digital camera and laptop, although it can be a problem if you explore several different regions. This universal adapter works all over the world.

About the World Electric Guide: This site is a life-saving work for electronic manipulation abroad. It splits the voltage, power and number of other technical requirements by country.

Use what you've learned and go on the road!

Planning a Cheap Destination Wedding

A target wedding will not only focus on location and all trips but will require a lot of wedding expenses. Remember, there are several areas of a wedding destination that will definitely need a large amount of dollars, and the most major case is you and your guests will have travel expenses. In addition to your travel expenses, you will of course have basic wedding expenses. There are also hotel and accommodation related expenses. However, if you want your dream wedding dream to meet without breaking a bank, there are some tips and ideas that you can consider.

Who says you can not save on travel expenses? One way to save money in terms of travel is to ask guests who fly from the same place to travel their plans to the group. You can save up to ten percent on airline tickets when requesting a group rate when booking a flight. Wedding date is also a big factor. Consider choosing a wedding day, especially when it comes to a destination wedding that is out of season. Avoid the high season bridal season for most airlines that are increasing their price at that time. While on the other hand, off-season dates, where airlines reduce their rates.

If you decide to have a resort instead, consider some resorts that give freebies such as a wedding ceremony free of charge for those who stay on them. You can ask for this advantage when making the first calls to several resorts. If you are using a travel agency, you can get brochures for destinations. Check for this feature and other similar savings.

Also, if you consider checking different websites and even hotels, some of them offer wedding benefits to their guests, such as offering wedding planners at lower cost or even for free. Check out some hotels at your selected wedding venue to see if they have any wedding services offered, and if so, there are often great discounts and even wedding plans for free. Some websites are also some wedding services that can help you reduce your wedding expenses. Just make sure you know how many guests are included in the package offered by the wedding planner.

You can save money on guest accommodation. There are a few great ways to accommodate your guests, which are also a great idea to save money. Alternatives like villas or apartments in an area they could rent. The most common destinations are used for these requirements. They can also have special prizes for wedding receptions.

You can also save money for more information about the wedding destination. Of course you do not want to spend your fortune for gifts only. Just like you want to end the destination wedding by thanking your guests, but that does not mean you have to prepare a large amount of dollars. You can reduce your wedding expenses by buying just giving cheap wedding favors, or sometimes giving cheap bridesmaids gifts and groomsmen gifts. After all, having cheap wedding ideas does not mean you have a low quality wedding. In fact, there are few ideas on how to make a real wedding of dreams without sacrificing wealth.