Aviation Sights of Long Island

1.

Aerial seed planted on the long islands of Hempstead Plains in 1909, when Glenn Curtiss first flew over it in its biplane Golden Flyer, grew up and grew up for six decades until it eventually failed to combine its own

sights that depict its general aviation, business, military, and space branch and geographically spread between Garden City and Calverton, describes this route. Air Cradle Museum

A Cradle of the Aviation Museum, located on a museum line in a garden town near the Coliseum, at the University of Nassau and the Hofstra University, tells most of the space story Long Island

. then district director Francis T. Purcell identified funding for the reconstruction of two aircraft hangars in the former Mitchell field and showed several tens of aircraft until he completed the reconstruction in 1995. The 130,000-square-meter facility and $ 40 million on the 75th anniversary of Lindbergh's transatlantic flight in 2002 exhibits more than 70 air and space ships, 11 of which are one-time designs linked to or built on Long Island and uncovered during a 20- which ran from Lake Michigan to Guadalcanal. Subsequently, volunteers from confidential airline and defensive aircraft manufacturers were recovered and retained, contributing approximately 650,000 hours to the project. The result was the largest, year-round, educational, recreational and cultural institution in Long Island.

According to New York Governor George E. Pataki, museum visitors "see for a short while that Long Island has brought a fragile biplanes from 1911 to build a lunar module that humans have taken to the Moon in the 1960s." Through these displays, the cradle becomes a powerful mirror that reflects our own abilities, intellect and ability to conquer time and space, and gives tributes to American innovation and groundbreaking spirit. "

The Air Cradle Museum, controlled by the impressive four-storey glass atrium, Reckson Center, greets visitors with the ceiling hanging overhead fighter Grumman F- 11A Tiger in Blue English and 1929 Fleet 2 Biplane Trainer symbolically representing the rising rise of the Long Island Aircraft Legacy

The main exhibits found in eight galleries in both the restored Army Air Corps Hangars 3 and 4 still bearing the words "Mitche l Elev 90 feet "on their facades and now marked with airspace and space hall Donald Everett Axinn are accessible to the second floor of the skywalk, which is housed by the third ceiling hinged replica of the Sperry Messenger biplane from 1922 designed by Lawrence Sperry Aircraft Company Farmingdale hangs [19659002] According to the Skywalk poster, "Long Island has been the foremost US aviation and space adventure in the past hundred years … It all started here on the Hempstead Plain of Long Island."

A one-time descent leads to the first of the Dream of Wings museums. Displaying a triumph of flight with lighter than airborne ships demonstrates how balloon, dragon, glider and airspeed experiments have changed the flight's dream into reality and led to heavier-than-air successors, displaying the generation of an aerostatic elevator, Alexander Graham Bell is a tetrahedral dragon, Otto Lilienthal wing and the 1906 Timmons dragon built in Queens, the oldest air show museum. Two years later, a 20-horsepower Glenn Curtiss designed for two years later, and a Mineola bicycle ride, the Bright Brothers tower, produced a bicycle technology for aircraft with propellers and wings. [19659002] The "Hempstead Plains" gallery, another met, poses a 1910 air encounter. Between recordings of rotating propellers and accelerated aircraft, the collection of first-class designs is lovely for lawn fields and contains the original Bleriot XI of 1909, the fourth oldest, ever-operating dragon in the world; death-and-bamboo replica Glenn Curtiss is the Golden Flyer, the first heavier-than-airplane plane to fly across Long Island; replica Wri Brothers & Vin Fiz; jednoplošník Hanriot; biplane Farman, engine Anzani from 1911; and 1913 Studebaker "a motor wagon."

During the First World War, as illustrated by the following galleries, triumph years have been transferred to the destruction of humans because the airplane has assumed the role of a weapon, and Long Island has become the center of military aviation design, testing and production during this time. The display is the first aircraft acquired by Charles Lindberg, Curtiss JN-4 Jenny purchased in 1923 for $ 500; along with Breese Penguin coach from 1918, the only one of the original 250 original ones left; Thomas-Morse S4C Scout with a flying airplane with an original Marlin machine gun; and the F. Trubee Davison World War 1 hangar, which sports a ribbed, uncovered dragon Curtiss Jenny with a propeller, propeller and fuel tank; and 196nm of the Gnome Monosoupope engine with a capacity of 160 hp and a 1916 engine from France.

During the Golden Age of Aeronautics, which ranged from 20 years from 1919 to 1938, the mature aerospace industry evolved from a dangerous sport to a viable commercial industry. This varied collection of aircraft in this gallery includes a sister ship to the original Ryan NYP Spirit of St. Louis. Louis and used to shoot epic stories; the aerospace engineering company "Ace", which became America's first sports aircraft; replica of the Curtiss / Sperry aerial torpedo; 1932 Grumman F3F-2 Navy Scout Fighter; Brunner Winkle Model Byrd Biplane built in Glendale, Queens; US Air Force / Amphibian Savoie Marchetti S-56 made in Port Washington; and Grumman G-21 Goose in Blue, Mr. American Airways System Paintings

During the Second World War, as shown by his respective gallery, aircraft made by Repubic and Grumman were crucial to the victory of the US, and during the six-year period 1939 to 1945, about 45,000 kites were removed from the production line. The display is the helpless warrior Waco CG-4, who was used to deliver soldiers behind enemy lines; Republic of P-47N Thunderbolt; Grumman F6F Hellcat, the Grumman TBM Avenger, the Grumman F6F Hellcat, the Douglas C-47 cockpit, and the Lower Sperry type A-2 to protect the underside of the B-17 and the B-24 long

as evidenced by the Jet Age Gallery, rebuilt military air transport by endowing aircraft with unprecedented speed, scope, maneuverability, and offensive capabilities, and Grumman Aircraft Corporation played a part in this development. designed more than 40 civilian and military types, which represented approximately 33,000 kites and provided employment to 200,000 Long Island residents. Its military aircraft played a crucial role in many conflicts, including those in Korea, Vietnam, Gulf War, the Balkans, Afghanistan, and Iraq. There are several Grumman designs, including the E-2 Hawkeye for the early warning / control and steering aircraft, the F9F-7 Cougar, the F-14 Tomcat forward fuselage and the A-6 Intruder cockpit simulator, while Republic Aviation is represented by the F-84B Thunderjet , the F-105B supersonic fighter and the Thunderbolt A-10A cabin compartment. Boeing 727, Westinghouse J-34's Nose and Cockpit and Turbine Engine

Current Air Force Gallery features air traffic controllers that emphasize the overcrowded JFK, La Guardia and Newark airport trips with their Long Island MacArthur and White Plains secondary airports Westchester County, and Farmingdale's Republic, the busiest field for General Aviation and Relief

The Exploring Space Gallery, the last of eight, represents a dramatic transition from atmospheric flight into space and highlights the rich contribution of Long Island to this to the aviation sector. His exhibits include the Goddard A-series; grumman orbiting astronomical observatory; adapter Grumman echo; Sputnik's satellite model of life, which was introduced by the Soviet Union and whose original hardware launched the space race; Rocket Grumman Rigel from 1953; module simulator Grumman Lunar Module; and the Rockwell control module, which was used before the 25,000 mph ground reconnaissance test in 1966 before the pilots of Apollo

"Clean room," representing the environment in which all manual lunar modules were made. to the gallery – and the most precious exhibit of the museum – the real LM-13 covered LM-13, covered 22.5 meters, which was built on the thirteenth and last lunar module, which was dramatically lit by legs stored on the simulated moon scene. Designed for a historic mechanical landmark, the lunar module was the first space ship ever to transmit human beings from Earth to another planet or its moons.

Gallery Museum Annex Jet Gallery, which shares facilities with the Long Island Fire Department Fire Department, has the A-10 Thunderbolt II Republic, the Grumman F-14A forward trumpet, the F-14A Tomcat, the Grumman A-6F Intruder, and the front nose and cockpit El Al Boeing 707.

Other museum objects include seven-story, 300-digit, 76-foot wide Leroy R. and Rose W. Grumman IMAX Theater, New York State's largest domed site and Long Island single IMAX screen; Red Planet Café with Martian theme, showing the Grumman "Molab" Mobile Lunar Laboratory from 1961 for moon, living and testing; balcony based Aerospace Honor Roll; and the Mitchel Field Outpost gift and bookshop.

The Cradle of Aviation Museum is a world-class facility that preserves, exhibits and interprets the rich aviation heritage of Long Island

3. American Air Force Museum

The US Air Force Museum, which is located at Republican Farmingdale Airport, has a history. It is located in a historic hangar where historic WWII aircraft were built and tested at this historic airport.

The airport itself, founded in 1928 as the Fairchild Flying Field, when the current Sherman Fairchild facility was too small to support the continued production of FC-2 and model 71, passed the torch to Grumman for five years, from 1932 to 1937, when Fairchild Engine and Air Production Company moved to Maryland

Nordic, establishing its presence in the field in 1935, continued its tradition of aircraft construction and testing, rebuilt "Republic Aviation" and extensively expanding its premises with three new hangars, a control tower and a longer runway. The main contractor of military designs during World War II was over 9,000 Thunderbolts and 800 F-105 storms during the Vietnam War.

After buying the airport in 1965, Fairchild-Hiller sold it to Farmingdale, the company that changed it to a public building in 1969, and the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), which bought it for $ 25 million in 1969, renamed airports in the Republic, prolonged the existing runway 14-32 and built a 100-meter FAA tower and the construction of a small passenger terminal

General Aviation / Airlift Airports on an area of ​​526 acres, which in April 1983 again changed to the Department of Transportation in New York (DOT), has an economic impact of $ 139 million on the Nassau and Suffolk Districts. Its 546-year and intermediate airplanes recorded 190,723 annual movements, of which 93 per cent included general aviation, six per cent air taxis and one per cent military in the whole range of aircraft types, including single-engine, multi-engine, piston, turboprop, clean jet and rotary wing its two tracks: the 5,516-track 1-19 and the 6,827-track 14-32. As the third largest airport in New York in terms of take-offs and landings after JFK and La Guardia and its largest aviation in general aviation, 1 634 enplanements were processed in 2005, mostly due to charter flight activity.

In this atmosphere, the New Motorway is an American Air Museum. Hangar 3, its location, was completed in 1927 along with other buildings at the cost of $ 500,000 and served as an incubation point of about 9,000 Republican P-47 Thunderbolts during the Second World War. As a result, it was previously considered part of the "arsenal of democracy". The museum, which was launched after $ 250,000 in Grant Grant by Governor George E. Pataki and was dedicated to the Pearl Harbor Memorial Service in 2000, was built to serve as a living offering to the veteran population in Long Island by

Colonel Francis Gabreski, who recorded most of his victories in World War II in the Republic of P-47s, was the highest organizer of the aces on Long Island and originally served as honorary museum commander

Supplementary Static Displays at the Museum The Cradle of Aviation Museum, the American Airpower Museum, features the sights, sounds and experiences of operational warriors and bombers of World War II, for the first time in 54 years, the New York metropolitan area boasts such success. As a Williamsburg military aviation facility accurately declares its mission as "where the history flies."

For example, the North American T-6 Texan flew first in 1935 and was one of the most used advanced fighter pilots during the war .

Warriors Curtiss-Wright P-40 Warhawk, who also flew first this year, reached a speed of 363 mph and is currently wearing a Tiger Tiger strip. No aircraft could be more at home in the hangar 3 of the US Air Force Museum, however, rather than the Republic P-47 Thunderbolt, the same design that gathered here in the thousands. He first took off in the sky from the track, just a few meters away in 1940, was the largest, heaviest single-pilot single-piston fighter ever to produce 467 mph. P-51 Mustang, whose maximum speed was 30 miles per hour below Thunderbolt, flew high-floor escort missions of B-17 and B-24 bombers long-distance and downed other enemy airplanes than any other European World War II theater

Navy aircraft Grumman TBM Avenger, a torpedo bomber with carrier, hunted German U-boats off the Long Island coast, while the Vought FG-1D Corsair was used both by the Navy and the Navy. Marines and reached air speeds of 446 mph

Consolidated PBY Catalina, the orbital orbital orbital PBA Catalina, was searching for enemy submarines. It has a range of 2,545 miles, a ceiling of 15,748 feet, and a speed of 178 mph

The North American Missile B-25 North American bomber, called Miss Hap, was General Hapo Arnold's Personal Aircraft, while the type was generally known by Doolittle Raid.

The collection also contains several fighters. For example, the L-39 Albatross is a Soviet trainer 570 mph, which first flew in 1968 and is still in operation with 16 countries. The Republic of F-84 Thunderjet, one of the first fighters, reached a speed of 620 mph and served from 1948 to the Korean War. The RF-84 Thunderflash, also designed by the republic, is a 720 mph photorecontact aircraft with photographic capability from horizon to horizon and served in 1953 and 1971. Republic F-105 Thunderchief, supersonic fighter and assault bomber, was the most developed in Vietnam in its F-105D takeover, carrying more than 12,000 pounds of gunnery and reaching a speed of 1390-mph. It served for a quarter of a century from 1955 to 1980. General Dynamics F-111, a supersonic airplane 1.2.1, a variable geometry aircraft, first flew in 1967 and saw service in Vietnam, Libya and Iraq.

In addition to the aircraft themselves, there are nose and cockpit sections, including Fairchild-Republic A-10, Mig-21, Beech 18 / C-45 and Douglas C-47. such as General Electric J-47 and Allison V-1710.

World War II is a story about aviation also narrated through films, period scenes and dioramas, extensive model and memorabilia collections, vintage cars, Ready Room, Briefing Room, Dining Room, Gift Shop and Music-Related Era

Tours are regularly provided by the historic, five-story, 1943 control tower located in Hangar 4. The cabin view, amid radio and radar equipment overlooking two airport runways, provides an overview of the functions of the regulators, which often included the Coordinating Vectors of the P- 47, A-10, F-84 and F-105 are located in the dense airbase in the Zahns Airport, practically across the road, Grumman in Bethpage, Mitchel Field in Garden City, Floyd Bennett Field Marine Air Station in Brooklyn, and Vought Factory in Long Island Sound in Connecticut, a network with an emphasis on the early nuclear role of Long Island in aviation

Because the collection 19659002] His own and signature occasion on board the Douglas C-47 Skytrain, which was last used by Israeli air forces, simulates the famous alliance invasion of Normandy in the morning of June 6, 1944.

After deploying a paratrooper, helmet, and modified parachute in the emergency room, future jumps move to the Briefing Room, where the middle of the wooden benches and timetables are explained in detail, the ssara rearrange the maneuver behind the French fences after falling to the ground. The French francs are divided

A cohesive, identically dressed team is now on board a twin-engine, olive green C-47 that is configured with wooden side benches and actually engages in operations in Normandy

During the recent summer, the plane went on track 1 at the airport of the Republic and started his piston-driven acceleration cylinder, lifted the end wheel and surrendered perfectly to the blue sky as he pulled his chassis

Climbing to 1200 feet and maintaining a speed of 125 mph, Douglas twins spread across the south shore of Long Island from Jones Beach, which simulated similar sands of Normandy.

After reaching the specified drop zone, the jumpmaster cried out: "Stand up, check the gear, and the paratroopers connected their tracks with the plane in preparation for immediate rescue."

The parachuting procedures were drilled and the actual 1944 event was narrated. , realism must have ended up there

However, after relocating, the feeling of disconnecting Day D during a real jump was re-created, while the temporary soldiers climbed from the rear, left hatch, their Velcroes with a fine piece of symbolic disengagement from the machine, (19659002) Before the uniform is removed, the passengers are asked to get into their pockets to get a card that reveals the identity of their historic twin or the paratrooper, which they represented during Simulated mission, however, the parachutist made a real jump, and the card indicates whether he lived or died in the card.

In addition to the flight experience of the C-47 American Airpower Museum, static airplane prints and aviation are planned during holidays and special occasions, Commemorative Day, Fourth of July, Historical Anniversary, and an annual Summer Weekend Essay weekend designed to encourage young people to write about the virtues, victories, and successes of a friend or relative from the Second World War. The winning composition gained experience with the bombing of flights. The aircraft contained the constellation MATS C-121; Berlin Airlift "The Spirit of Liberty" C-54; B-17 Flying Fortress; Liberator B-24; B-25 Mitchell; and PT-17 Stearman, the last four of which were operated by the Collings Foundation

The Post-Museum visit dinner at the 56th Fighter Group restaurant is located on the side 110 of the airport's airport side, although not linked to the museum itself, complements and finishes the day of the Second World War. It looks like a 1940s English war farm, but transmits a feast to this era through the "Officer's Mess" record; rustic roof grid ceilings; fireplace ornamental dining rooms; Photographs, memorabilia and helicopters related to the Second World War; simulated, bombed terrace; Big Band Music; and views of replicas P-40, P-47 and Corsair. The menu of steaks and seafood is known for its signature beer cheese soup.

The US Air Force Museum is the live air time portal of the Second World War and the invaluable contribution of Long Island to its victory. The Post-Museum Dinner at the 56th Fighter Group Restaurant provides a cook's cap.

4. Bayport Aerodrome Living Aviation Museum

The Bayport Aerodrome Living Aviation Museum, created by the Bayport Aerodrome Society to preserve and present aviation in the early 20th century at a representative airport in the grass, is a complex of 24 hangars of private antique and experimental aircraft

three miles southeast of Long Island MacArthur Airport, is an unmanageable field with a single 150-foot wide 2740-meter grass / grass (18-36) and 45 single-engine airplane pools. Of its average 28 daily movements, 98% are local, the rest is temporary. Designated by Davis Field from 1910 to 1952, it was renamed Edwards Airport until 1977, after it was acquired by the city of Islip. On January 22, 2008 he was listed in the National Register of Historic Places, which is proudly announced by his record: "Bayport Aerodrome."

The Bayport Aerodrome Society, which was set up in 1972 to maintain such a time, runs weekend supplementary flights of its operational jet collections in June and September, including Piper Cubs, Waco Biplanes, N2S Stearmans, Fleet Model 16Bs, Byrds and PT-22s. There is also a small museum.

5. Grand Old Airshow

The Grand Old Airshow, which was first held in 2006 at Calabro Airport in Brookhaven, was designed to transport audiences to the earlier, bipolar and World War II and introduced the Long Island Aircraft

Calabro Airport itself is 600 – built during World War II to provide logistical support to the Army Air Corps, but was acquired by Brookhaven in 1961, whose General Aviation division is currently operating. The field with two runways – 4,200-course 6-24 and 4,224-track 15-33 – is home to three fixed base operators offering ties, T hangars, conventional hangars, flight training and refueling as well as East Suffolk Boces, Dowling Aviation College, Long Island Climbing Association and Iceland Air Aviation. There is a small terminal with a dining area. Of its 217 aircraft, about 92 percent are included in single-component types and the average is 370 a day or 135,100 annual movements.

This year's airshow attracts a visitor by inviting him to join us this year when we return in time to celebrate the golden age of the aviation age in Long Island, "when" biplanes admired the sky ten years ago. "It continues to offer the experience of" the past days of aviation, such as World War I battles, open cockpit biplanes, WWII fighters and, of course, the famous Geico Skytypers, rising over the blue sky of Long Island. "

Antique cars and static aircraft displays, including the TBM Avengers, Fokker Dr-1s, Nieuports and Messerschmidt Me-109s, while the air racers included comedy maneuvers made in the Piper J-3 Cubs by the "randomly selected" member of Carl Spackle, Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome – borrowed Delsey Dives and balloon explosions targeting Great Lakes Speedsters, Fleet 16Bs and PT-17 Stearmans, fast races between runway and PT-17 motorcycles, SF-260 acrobatics, and jumping Sukho 29.

Sikorsky UH- 34D Sea Horse Marine helicopter, used for combat rescue in Vietnam during the Cuban crisis e missiles and NASA during the project's Mercury Astronaut Recovery program, demonstrated the search and rescue procedures.

Both Long Island Air and Formation Flying are well represented. Past shows were Byrd, N3N, Fleet Model 16B and N2S Stearman from Bayport Aerodrome Society; P-40 Warhawks and P-51 Mustangs from Warbirds through Long Island; F4U Corsairs from the American Airpower Museum; and North American SNJ-2s from Geico Skytypers Airport.

There are classic rides of vehicles and aircraft. Spectators bring their own chairs to the grass and lead them alongside the active runway. There is a period of clothing and speeches are given by Tuskegee by airplane. Concession trucks sell everything from ready-made dogs to ice-cream and souvenirs, and numerous flying schools and associations of male stands.

The Grand Old Airshow, which takes place in the autumn, is a one-day sky, where Long Island's versatile history has been written and is now being recreated.

6. Memorial Park Grumman

The Grumman Memorial Park, located on one acre of the former Grumman Aerospace Flight Test Facility in Calverton, just 1000 meters from one of its runways, is, according to its description, "a volunteer effort remarkable for the incredible advances in aviation and a space flight that took place on Long Island through the teamwork of Grumman Corporation's staff, a specialized group of people taking off aviation from the US Navy Airborne Deck to the first steps of a man on the moon. "

Leroy Randle Grumman, a man behind this company, was born on January 4, 1895, and was founded by Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation 35 years later, according to a park record "in a small garage in Baldwin, Long Island, New York, and later in Valley Stream, Farmingdale, Bethpage, Calverton, the company has designed and manufactured innovative aircraft and spacecrafts of the United States military force States and the Civil Market. "Incorporated into all of these proposals was a direct philosophy of the company" to keep it simple … build it hard … make it work. "

Phase One of the Park, completed October 28, 2000, was dedicated to "preserving the legacy of the Grumman Corporation (s) of men and women who designed, built and flown aircraft and spacecraft that had ascended to heaven and beyond."

The center element, mounted on the pedestal in the climbing profile, is the F-14A Tomcat. Driven by two Pratt and Whitney TF30-P-414A turbochargers, equipped with 20,900-kilometer (20,900-kilometer) auxiliary combustion engines, a variable geometry fighter whose shift ranges from 20 degrees forward to 68 degrees in the rear position, the 331th Tomcat a dragon from a nearby Calverton assembly line and first flew off the track nearly reach July 6, 1979. Served two months later on US VF-101 Warplanes in Oceana, Virginia, it carried 2,385 gallons of fuel, including that which was stored in two an external tank of 267 gallons and had a range of 1,191 million. The Mach 2 airplane delivered 25 years of service prior to decommissioning and was one of the 712 F-14, which was produced in 1970-1992.

Surrounded by the brick inscriptions that include the "Walk of Honor," the display has several interactive features, including a soundtrack of his visitor-controlled story, the extras of the extra burning sound and the activation of the wing and tail light

The second displayed aircraft, Phase of the park, the Grumman A-6E Intruder is located on the other side of the small car park. Original A2F-1 tracking, which first flew in 1960, was one of 693 airplanes for all weather attacks that were powered by two Pratt and Whitney J-52 P-8B jet engines and had a maximum takeoff weight of £ 58,600. Running on a 42,400-foot ceiling, a 648-mph aircraft could deliver eight 500-billion-ton bombs with precision and could carry a whole arsenal of weapons that hit targets more than 500 miles from the aircraft carrier on which they were placed without the need to replenish fuel. The production was completed in 1997.

In addition to two aircraft, the original Calverton Plant 7 flagship, the Bethpage Plant 14, and the Bethpage section with the incident light from which each Grumman F6F Hellcat had

are also visible Hughes AIM-54A Phoenix dlouhý dosah air-to-air střely, nedílná součást F-14 Tomcat AWG-9 zbraňový systém. S délkou 13 stop a třemi nohama byla rozpětí křídel 1,021 libry, jejíž 132-librová hlavice byla poháněna pevným raketovým motorem. Cestoval rychlostí 5 Mach, měl 96 kilometrů. F-14 může nést až šest takových raket Phoenix.

Grumman Memorial Park, nedávné dílo, jehož devět dalších akrů nakonec zahrnuje návštěvnické centrum a další letecké displeje, nabízí počáteční pohled na vynikající vojenské návrhy Grummana jen yardy z továrny, která je vyliahla.

7. Conclusion

Long Island's six-decade aerial journey, which had begun on its Hempstead Plains in 1909 when Glenn Curtiss had first taken off in the Golden Flyer biplane and ended when the Lunar Module had first landed on the moon's Sea of Tranquility in 1969, is expertly recounted by its world-class aviation sights.